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Soc 269 Final Exam Study guide
Terms in this set (41)
What does master status mean?
The social position that is the primary identifying characteristic of an individual.
What are some problems associated with the term Hispanic?
-It was coined by the US government to sort out people from Central and South America.
-It masks diversity.
-Hispanic is an English word
-Emphasis Spanish heritage while ignoring others.
Mexican American cultural characteristics (four were discussed in class)
1-Language, 3rd gen still speaks spanish because we share a border
2-religion; mexican catholic
3-Machismo; hyper masculinity, repudiate deminine qualities, dominance is masculine, big stereotype
4-Family relations; family is very important, extended as well. Moral responsibility to aid the family.
Be familiar with the five different types of immigrants
1-Legals (with visas)
3-braceros (seasonal farm workers on contract)
What are maquiladoras?
Factories in Mexico, children are used, long hours, little pay, no care for the community, exporting us jobs to Mexico because labor costs too much in America and there are lower regulations.
Know the features of the Minority Group Threat Model (the four key components of the model and the
characteristics concerning the relationship between the dominant and subordinate groups)
-Dominant/Minority group mix: Immigrants entered into a social system in which a colonized status for Mexicans had already been established.
-Minority group increases which leads to competition: The powerful political and economic interests of whites in the US determine the flow of population from Mexico.
-Threat Discourse: US policy of immigrants fluctuated with the dominant group's sense of threat.
Unlike African Americans, why were Mexican Americans able to maintain their culture?
Mexico shares a border with the US.
Be familiar with the historical timeline concerning the Mexican American experience
1500s-Spanish colonized; mestizo (mixed babies); had to learn Spanish and convert to Catholisim
1821-Mexico gains independence; massive migration to American Southwest
1845-Texas breaks away from Mexico and is eventually annexed by the US.
1848-Manifest Destiny wars started by the US forced Mexico to cede the Southwest area for $15 million.
Which model is appropriate to use when explaining the Mexican American experience (Cycle of Race)Relations versus Internal Colonialism (aka Blauner Hypothesis) / Make sure to know the assumptions
behind each model
Be familiar with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
War of 1848 between Mexico and the US ended. Residents of Texas land that the US got from the treaty could either become citizens (90%) or leave.
The pattern of Mexican immigration (WWI -> Great Depression -> WWII -> 1965 Immigration Act);
Be familiar with each of these events; know the consequences of these events (e.g., increased immigration,
-WW1 push/pull: large increase in immigration due to Mexican Revolution in 1910, border
Was unrestricted, there was reduced flow from asia; more space for other immigrants, US
Employees recruited americans. 1924: border control was created; illegal alien coined;
Mexico began industrializing
-Great Depression: Caused a decrease in Mexicans immigrated and US government
Started deporting Mexicans back. Mexicans were blamed for a lack of jobs. This led to
a 40 percent decrease in Mexican population.
-WW2: 1941; Employers turn to Mexico for labor, Bracero program (contract laborers), split
labor market (contract laborers vs undocumented), Operation Wetback (decreased) 1950s saught to deport
all illegal and undocumented immigrants, 4 million or more were deported.
-1965 Immigration act: Set an annual limit of 120k from the western hemisphere/ 20k for legal
Mexican immigrants. Increase
Making someone return back to their own country.
Mexican contract laborers.
Was made by the US government to seek out and deport undocumented and illegal immigrants. 4 million or more were deported.
Immigration Reform and Control Act
Sanctions for employers who hire undocumented aliens/screening welfare recipients for status. It allowed undocumented people who had been in the US since 1982 to legal status. This replaced the emergency quota act and let families reunite.
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