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Old Testament History and Literature Exam 2

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Patriarchs
Forefathers, ancestors
Abraham
The first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation
Melchizedek
King of Salem (later known as Jerusalem) and also priest of "God Most High"; He said a blessing over Abram and Abram gave him 10% of all he had.
El Elyon
Meaning God Most High
Sarah
Wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac. She gave her servant to Abraham so that she could have children through here and doubted God's promise that she would have a son in her old age.
Hagar
Sarah's servant. She bore Abraham a son named Ishmael. Referred to as a concubine by Tullock.
El Shaddai
Meaning "God Almighty"
Circumcision
The cutting off of male foreskin in the Old Testament as a sign and seal of the covenant of Grace.
Theophany
The appearance of the divine to a human being, as when he "appeared" to Moses in a burning bush.
Sodom and Gomorrah
Cities that were destroyed by God in a rain of fire and brimstone, along with an earthquake. As the home of Abraham's nephew Lot for a time.
Issac
Son of Abraham and Sarah. The promise made to Abraham was extended to him about becoming the father of many nations.
Ishmael
Son of Abraham and Hagar. Also promised by God to be the father of many nations.
Akedah
The story of how God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac; also known as the "binding" of Isaac
Jacob
The grandson of Abraham, son of Isaac and Rebekah, brother of Esau, and the traditional ancestor of Israelites. His name was changed to Israel, and his 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel.
Esau
The eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the Covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac
Birthright
Esau gave his birthright away to Jacob for a bowl of bean soup in his starvation. Thus granting Jacob the privileges of the firstborn.
Laban
Father of Rachel and Leah. He cheated Jacob, who ended up working for Laban for 20 years. "shrewd man of the world"
Dinah
Only daughter of Jacob and Leah; Raped by Shechem: Simeon and Levi avenged her defilement by killing all the men after they were circumcised.
Joseph
First son of Jacob and Rebekah; had 10 older brothers (son's of Leah). God blessed him with the ability to interpret dreams and sent him ahead to preserve the land of Egypt from famine.
Tamar
Wife of Er. She is left a widow after her husband dies, but his brother also died after avoiding giving her a son. Later, disguised as a prostitute, Judah slept with her and gave her a son.
Judah
Son of Jacob, wronged Tamar by withholding his youngest son.
Potiphar
Egyptian captain of the guard that bought Joseph as a slave. He made Joseph head of his house.
YHWH
Personal Hebrew name for God
Suzerainty Treaty
A treaty made between unequal parties. Such as when God made treaties with men.
Parity Treaty
An ancient treaty made between two parties of equal social standing
Aaron
Brother of Moses; Moses' prophet while he was representing God while trying to free the Hebrews from Egyptian rule
Miracle
A marvellous event manifesting a supernatural act of God
Passover
Event when the Israelites were "passed over" by the angel of death as dictated by the tenth plague; a holiday celebrated by Jews as a day of deliverance. Unleavened bread.
Miriam
Moses sister and first female prophet. She was cursed with leprosy by God for seven days after criticizing Moses' marriage to a Cushite woman.
Jebel Musa
Most likely location of Mt. Sinai at the time of the Exodus.
Jethro
Moses's father-in-law that advised him to create different levels of judges.
Apodictic Law
Laws stated as absolutes, no contradictions
Casuistic Law
Stated a condition and told waht the penalty was if the condition existed (aka case law)
Covenant Law
Oldest Israelite code. Contained laws designed for a society in which agriculture was the major means of earning a living
Priestly Law
Concerned primarily with proper worship.
Ark of the Covenant
The sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments
Mercy Seat
On the lid of the ark of the covenant; designed with Cherubim
Tabernacle
Tent that housed the ark of the covenant. Only priests were allowed
Feast of Weeks/Pentecost
Happens 50 days after Passover; it celebrates the giving of the law at Mt. Sinai
Feast of Booths/Tabernacles
Holiday commemorating the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. Celebrated harvest of fruit
Day of Atonement
The only fast a day and in ancient times the high priest would sprinkle sacrificial blood on the ark of covenant. (aka Yom Kippur)
Kadesh-Barnea
Place where Moses struck a rock instead of speaking to it in frustration of the Israelite complaining
Balaam
Prophet sent by King Balak to curse the Israelites but Yahweh forbids him to do so; an angel blocks his donkey's path on the way and he ends up blessing Israel rather than cursing them
Holy War
War sanctioned by God, often led by God, and sometimes requiring the complete slaughter of the enemy
Cherem
Literally meaning "the ban". Violation of taking spoils for personal use. This was punishable by death.
Joshua
Leader of the Hebrews after the death of Moses. He led the people into the promise land and led the campaigns during the holy wars.
Rahab
Prostitute that offered Hebrew spies a hiding place in exchange for sparing the lives of her and her family members during the destruction of Jericho.
Jericho
The city that came a-tumbling down. Hebrews marched around it once every day for six days then on the seventh they marched 7 times and shouted.
Achan
Broke the rule of cherem; he, his family and all he owned were stoned to death as a result.
Baal
Canaanite god of storm and fertility. In myth he is killed by Mot, but his mate Asherah brings him back to life. Evidence of changing seasons.
Asherah
Canaanite goddess of fertility.
Ehud
Left handed judge that assassinated Elgon king of Moab.
Deborah
First female judge
Barak
Deborah's right hand man who tested her power because she was a woman.
Gideon
Man who tested God, but in the end won a great victory for the Hebrew nation by following God's commands. But he died in shame because of the ephod.
Abimelech
The "false king" who killed all but 1 of his brothers
Jephthah
Son of a prostitute who was kicked out by his family. Later he was sought as a leader and after returning from battle he sacrificed his daughter to God.
Samson
Judge with inhuman strength that made the Nararite vow
Nazirite Vow
Could no use grape products, could not cut his hair, and could not touch a corpse
Amphictyony
A religious confederacy united around a central sanctuary. (referring to when the Israelites rededicated to Yahweh)
El Olam
Meaning "everlasting God"
Canaan
"land of purple"
corporate personality
A person was not seen as an individual, but as part of a larger unit (family, tribe, or clan)
1290 BC
[Possible] Date of the Exodus.
Ten Commandments
No other god before Me, don't make for yourself a graven image, don't say the Lord's name in vain, remember Sabbath, honor father/mother, don't murder, don't commit adultery, don't steal, don't bear false witness, don't covet
10 Plagues
Nile turned to blood, frogs, lice, flies, livestock disease, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, death of firstborn
3 Views of Sacrifice
...
4 models of the conquest
...
El Roi
Name Hagar gives God; "God Who Sees"
Ephraim and Manasseh
Sons of Joseph
Delilah
Woman who discovered the secret to Samson's strength