respond to changes in the immediate environment, Organisms show adaptability, Over time, organism grow and reproduce, many organisms are capable of some degree of movement.
The study of form
The study of function
involves the examinaton of relatively large stuctures and features usually visible with the unaided eye.
deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification.
The link between anatomy and physiology
All specific functions are performed by specific structures.
Structure and function are interrelated
Anatomical details are significant only because each has an effect on function, and physiological mechanisms can be fully understood only in terms of the underlying structural relationships.
Function of the elbow joint to a door hinge.
The elbow functions as a hinge that permits movement only in one plane.The end of the humerus, the bone of the upper arm, has a roughly cylindrical articulating surface. With this interlocking arrangement, which is stabilized by ligaments and surrounding muscles, only hinge-like movement is permitted.
Usually refers to the absorption and utilzation of oxygen, and the generaton and release of carbon dioxide.
Growth and reproduction
Indicates that the organism is successful
Changes the organism's behavior, capabilities, or structures
Movement of fluid within the organism; may involve a pump and a network of special vessels.
The elimination of chemical waste products generated by the organism
The chemical breakdown of complex materials for absorption and use by the organism
Distributes materials throughout large organisms; changes orientation or position of a plant or immobile animal; moves mobil animals around the environment.
Indicates that the organism recognizes changes in its internal or external environment.
Examples of Anatomy
Right atium, Left ventricle, Myocardium, Endocardium, Superior vena cava
Examples of Physiology
Valve to arota opens, valve between left atrium and left ventricle closes,Electrocardiogram, Pressure in left atrium.
Basic principles of the cell theory
Cells are the structural building blocks of all plants and animals, Cells are produced by the divisions of pre-existing cells, Cells are the smallest structural units
The demensions of cells are usually given
Study of tissue
Four primary tissue types
Epithealial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
a layer of cells that forms a barrier with specific properties.
All forms contain cells and an extracellular matrix that consists of protien fibers and a liquid known as the ground substance.
Ability ot contract forcefully. Major functions include skelatal movement, soft tissue support, and maintance of blood flow.