healthcare midterm

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Terms in this set (89)
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseCVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke)EKG(electrocardiogram) instrument used in measuring the electrical potential during a heartbeatcholecystitisinflammation of the gallbladder (gall stones)bradycardiaslow heart ratepathogenAn organism that causes diseaseb.i.d.twice a dayPOby mouthautoclavePiece of equipment used to sterilize articles by way of steam under pressure and/or dry heatendocrine system diseasesDiabetes Mellitus types 1 and 2, Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidismorthopedic surgeona physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and musclesdoctor of osteopathymaintains that good health requires proper alignment of bones, muscles, ligaments, and nervesemphysemaA serious disease that destroys lung tissue and causes breathing difficulties.arthritisinflammation of a jointworkers compA form of insurance paid by the employer providing cash benefits to workers injured or disabled in the course of employment.cardiheartgttdrop-liquidpathdiseasebacterial STIsdiseases that can be cured by antibioticsviral STIssexually transmitted infections caused by viruses and cannot be curednurse practitioner (NP)a nurse with graduate training who often works as a primary care providerpoplitealback of kneediastolicBlood pressure that remains between heart contractions.pulse pressuredifference between systolic and diastolic pressuretachycardiafast heart ratephysical therapist (PT)provides treatment to prevent disability or restore function through the use of exercise, heat, massage, or other techniquesdorsalis pedistop of footaphasiaimpairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's areaauralpertaining to the earPRNas neededRad Techtakes x-rays and processes film for viewinggynecologistA doctor who specializes in the female reproductive systemrhinoviruscommon coldetiologycause of diseasesilent killerhypertensiondiabetesA condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin, the hormone required for the metabolism of sugarinsulin shockcaused by very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)cystic fibrosisA genetic disorder that is present at birth and affects both the respiratory and digestive systems.rebound testassesses for peritoneal inflammation by holding your hand at a 90 degree angle to the abdomen and press deeply, positive result indicates appendicitisI&Ointake and outputblood pressurethe pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vesselsacute care facilitya health care facility that provides care for patients who need immediate medical carelong term care facilityA health care facility that provides skilled, long-term care to people who are medically stable, but can't care for themselvesrhinoplastynose jobtympanectomyexcision of the eardrumhemiplegiaparalysis of one side of the bodyarthrocentesissurgical puncture of a jointlipomafatty tumorhydrocephalusaccumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brainhematemesisvomiting bloodcystoscopeinstrument used for visual examination of the bladderleukopeniaAbnormally low white blood cell counthemangiomaa benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vesselsdysuriapainful urinationABGarterial blood gaspneumoniainflammation of the lungsHSat bedtimeQeveryBP pretestmeasures the pressure in your arteries as your heart pumpsosteocarcinomabone cancer tumorflorence nightingaleFounder of modern nursingclara bartonNurse during the Civil War; founder of the American Red Crosscrawford longfirst to use ether as an anesthetic agentedwin jennerDeveloped smallpox vaccineanton leeuwenhoekInvented the microscopewilliam mayoSurgeon clinicanne sullivanHelen Keller's teacherrobert kochDeveloped the culture plate method to identify pathogensjoseph listerStreptococcusberry-shaped (bacterium) in twisted chains which causes inflammatory illnessesseizuresudden, transient disturbances in brain function resulting from an abnormal firing of nerve impulses; may or may not be associated with convulsioncancerany malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell divisionchildhood illnesschronic illnesses affect only aboutsickle cell anemiaa genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shapechokingFood or foreign object blocks the airway or throat.MImyocardial infarctioncolitisinflammation of the colonchicken poxvaricella zoster virusfractureto break (a bone)