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PSY 316 Study Guide
Terms in this set (43)
there are 3 major assumptions that guide cognitive psychology, and each assumption is a counterpoint to previously believed assumptions. Match the terms
Mental Processes exist- The behaviorist..........
Mental processes ca be scietifically studied- The functionalism.......
Humans are active information processors- This perspective...........
Match the terms
Memory- mental process of a......
Cognitive Science- interdisciplinary studies
Cognition- mental processes a........
Cognitive psychology- study of human measures.......
Naim is a cognitive psychologist who is studying working memory by breaking it up into its components. This is an example of
Hermann von Ebbinghaus was
the researcher credited with developing the first objective method for studying memory
Brain matching term
Corpus Callosum- Primary bridge between 2 halves
Amygdala- responsible for the emotions
Thalamus- often referred to as.....
Hippocampus- important in long term memory
Which of the following is NOT a method for measuring information processes?
Patrick is searching for his keys. He is simultaneously searching for his keys while observing other objects. This is an example of
The receptive and control centers for one side of the body are in the opposite hemisphere of the brain. This is reffered to as
Brigid is a graduate student who studies the differences between how different people perceive light. This in cognition is known as
Visual information endured in visual memory for about 250ms after which it fades away. Auditory is the same amount of time
Which is NOT one of the 3 layers of tissue in the retina
Shadenfreude, is a German term adopted into the psychological terminology, which refers to an entire pattern, configuration or term
Which of the following is NOT a criterion for a Automaticity?
The process occurs with the stream of consciousness
Which best describes the term "Habituation"
The tick-tock of the office clock used to bother and distract Gabi from focusing on her work. After a couple of days, she no longer notices the clock sounds and is able to concetrate
rapid eye movement
Brief pause of the eyes
Same as #7
Working memory differs from short-term memory in that
working memory involves actively manipulating information
Baddeley's model of working memory
Episodic buffer- bounding together........
Phonological loop- speech and sound.........
Central executive- planning future acts........
Visuo-spatial sketchpad- holding, maintaining..........
those with high working memory capacity experienced more mind wandering when the task was difficult
memory for general world knowledge is known as
A theoretical perspective in which different abilities, characteristics, type of cognitive process, and so forth are theorized to be represented in separate components in memory
Tom remembered hearing from Fox News that there was 3 gunmen at the recent airport shooting in LA. However in reality he heard that from a friend. The inability to distinguish the true origin of a memory is know as
In source monitoring, the ________ is important for integrating content and source information; while the ________ is important for searching and using source information.
hippocampus; prefrontal cortex
The ___________ hypothesis states that the language we know shapes the way we think about events in the world around us
Patients with Broca's Aphasia have trouble with speech _________; conversely, patients with Wernicke's aphasia have difficulties in speech __________.
example of syntax
John served the food" compared to "served the food John
4 conversational maxims. Match the name of the maxim to the description of the maxim.
Your utterances should be relevant to the discourse (e.g., stay on topic; don't make statements on things that others aren't interested in)
As needed, provide as much information as is necessary (e.g., don't give too much information; don't go beyond or give short shrift to what you know; don't give too much information)
Have what you say be truthful (e.g., don't give misleading information; don't lie; don't exaggerate)
-Manner and tone:
Aim for clarity.....
This assumption that guides much of the work interpreting eye movements states that the pattern of eye movements directly reflects the complexity of the underlying cognitive processes
This idea states that participants in a conversation implicitly assume that all speakers are following the conversational maxims.
The availability heuristic states that
people judge the frequency or probability of an event based on how easily examples can be remembered.
A syllogism is _________ if the conclusion follows logically from the premises.
Before you go grocery shopping, you remember what you need at the store by remembering each item in a specific place. This is known as [x].
Method of Loci
The _________effect states that retention is improved for information that is made distinct or different from the information around it.
When interpreting comprehension as mental structure building, the two control mechanisms that link up with the process of spreading activations are _______ and__________ .
Enhancement and suppression
higher levels of emotional arousal mean there is a narrowing of attention
memory is inadequate when experiencing low and high levels of arousal
__________ pressure is when a person focuses too much attention on how they are doing the task; __________ pressure occurs when a person is distracted by the consequences of a task.
Match the term
-Emotional Stroop Task:
words are used that elicit an emotional response
trying to find an object that has emotion-eliciting details
This effect states that during a test, a person's working memory capacity is consumed to some degree by task-irrelevant thoughts related to their ethnicity, age, or gender.
2 dimensions in which emotions vary are
intensity and valence
At birth and for the first couple of years of development, the nervous system produces a large number of neurons and a large number of neural connections. When some neurons are unused or have unnecessary connections, the process of ___ occurs, leaving only those that are important.
A ________ study is when we assess people across time to see how their lives change, whereas a ____________ study is when we assess different people at different ages at the same time of testing.
First graders retrieve answers to addition problems from memory and adults rely heavily on counting when they add.
The ability for infants to remember the presence of an object when it has been removed from view is known as object permanence.
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