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a chain of high plateaus in the Guiana Highlands


large plains areas in North Eastern Colombia & Western Venezuela

El Niño

an ocean & weather pattern that causes the eastern Pacific Ocean to be warmer than normal

tar sand

rock or sand layers that contain oil


founders of South America's greatest early civilization


largest estates in South America

buffer state

small country between 2 larger more powerful countries


change of government caused by a group taking control by force

tree line

line of elevaion above which trees do not grow


tropical plant with starchy roots


South American organization


small South American farms created when large colonial estates were broken up


large slums around Brazilian cities


having no coast on the ocean


the use of fear & violence as political force

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