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Social Studies 5th grade Chapter 3

Why did Marco Polo go to China?

to bring back trade goods from China

What places did the Silk Road connect?

China and other lands

Describe the Silk Road

a network of land and sea routes for trading

What effect did Marco Polo's journey have on others?

People in both Europe and Asia wanted to know more about each other.

Why did Zheng He's fleet try to reach many new places?

The Chinese wanted to expand trade and show their power.

What was one result of Zheng He's voyages?

demand for Chinese trade goods grew

Name the effects of trade

People learned about other cultures, people shared goods and ideas with others on different continents, people became interested in others and their customs

What major trading center ws known as the land of gold?


What is the best way to describe the route of many early trade caravans in Africa?

southward across the Sahara

What type of trade was often made in Ghana?

gold for salt

Which African kingdoms became wealthy from trade after Ghana?

Mali and Songhai

What did the Europeans bring to trade in North Africa?

cloth and horses

What significant event took place under Mansa Musa's rule?

Mali reached its peak as an empire

What was an effect of Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca?

stronger trade ties between Mali and other Muslim nations

Why did the Vikings leave the area we now call Newfoundland

There were conflicts with the American Indians living there

Why was the Renaissance a "rebirth"?

It marked a new interest in arts and sciences

How did the Portuguese profit from exploring the coast of Africa?

They brought home gold and slaves

What effect did European ocean trade routes have?

lasting contact between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres

To what did China owe its wealth?

The Chinese learned how to make silk cloth from silkworms. Over the years the demand for silk grew, and silk became worth its weight in gold.

What is a caravan, and for what purpose did caravans cross the Sahara?

A caravan is a group of traders traveling together. Caravans were used to bring goods to and from the lands of West Africa.

What important events occured during Mansa Musa's reign as king? List the events in the order they occurred.

Mansa Musa went on a pilgrimage to Mecca. This journey strengthened ties between Mali and other Muslim nations. Timbuktu became a center of learning. Mansa Musa ordered the construction of the Great Mosque.

What do the Chinese people, the kingdom of Ghana, and caravans have in common?

All were involved in traveling great distances to exchange goods with people and other cultures.

How did the Vikings preserve their history without keeping written records?

The Vikings told their history in the form of spoken stories known as sagas. The information was passed down orally from one generation to the next.

What was the Renaissance and why is it important?

The Renaissance began around 1350. It marked a new beginning in arts and sciences and an interest in learning more about the world. There were advances in printing and ship design and building. New ideas could spread more quickly.

What was the effect of improved methods of navigation for the Portuguese in the 1420s?

Improved navigation methods resulted in successful journeys that mapped much of the coast of Africa. Portugal's ships also began bringing home African slaves and gold.

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