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Social Psychology review game
Terms in this set (26)
Blowing off steam through aggressive acts would reduce subsequent aggression. However, research shows the opposite.
Intention: To cause harm
Goal: Something other than to harm someone, e.g. tackling another soccer player to win the game.
Intention: To cause harm
Goal: To harm someone
Prosocial video games
found to make participants more helpful than aggressive video games.
Prosocial gaming study
-Undergraduate participants played prosocial (Lemmings) or aggressive (Lamers) game-67% (prosocial game) vs. 28% (aggressive game) helped pick up pencils on floor
We help others who share our genes
Found to make participants more helpful than aggressive video games
Examines causal relation between violent media and aggressive behavior. Researchers who conduct these studies observe participants at multiple time points rather than only one time in the lab
Culture of Honor
People in these cultures may respond aggressively if their reputation is threatened
Hostile attribution bias
Aggressive people are more likely than non-aggressive people to show this bias. For example, people with this bias may conclude that the reason someone bumped into them is because they want to start a fight.
Observational/Social Learning Theory
A theory that explains why environmental factors, such as violent neighborhoods or abusive family environment, may make people aggressive
Way information tends to be stored in brain, and it is one of reasons why weapons effect occurs
We would be more likely to help our full sibling than our half sibling in a high-risk emergency situation
Negative state relief hypothesis
Hypothesis suggesting that people help others because they want to reduce unpleasant feeling of observing someone else suffer.
Fact that some people help others despite the high cost provides evidence for this hypothesis.
Costs and benefits of helping
people compare these two to decide whether to help someone or not
Diffusion of responsibility
Belief that others should help person in need, not you.
Economic productivity/purchasing power parity
People from countries where this was high were less likely to help others.
Looking at other witnesses and mistakenly concluding that they are not alarmed, we may fail to respond in an emergency situation.
Mere exposure effect
More we see someone the more we like them
We tend to think that physically attractive people also have other positive qualities, such as being socially skilled and smart
People more likely to stay together with romantic partner if physical attractiveness is at similar levels.
Men and women prefer different attributes in potential mates because of the asymmetry in this
This is the strongest predictor of divorce
Destiny beliefs/What is entity theory of self?
People with this type of lay theory or belief are more likely to break up with their partner after a conflict or stressful situation
Misattribution of arousal
We may think we are attracted to someone but it may just be because we watched a scary movie or ran a marathon together.
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