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Arts and Humanities
Film and TV
Video Production Final
Terms in this set (182)
Usually a three-person production team consisting of the talent, the camcorder operator, and a utility person who handles lighting, audio, and/or video recording.
Once a story idea has been chosen, a specific approach to the story must be decided upon. This approach could be described as the story's point of view or its central theme.
In charge of the creative aspects of the show (set design, location, and graphics).
The time when all production crew members are expected to show up and start working.
the clearing of the production site of all scenery, props, and equipment
also called videographers and shooters
What must be established and maintained among all production personnel in order for a production to be effective and successful?
in charge of all technical setups and operations during a production. Does the actual switching in a studio production.
in charge of all activities on the studio floor, such as getting talent into place, and relaying the director's cues to the talent
in charge of an individual production. Responsible for all personnel working on the production and for coordinating technical and nontechnical production elements
in charge of directing talent and technical operations. Ultimately responsible for transforming a script into effective video and audio messages.
nontechnical production personnel
People concerned primarily with production matters that lead from the basic idea to the final screen image. Includes producers, directors, and talent. Also called above-the-line personnel.
People who operate the production equipment, including camera operators, floor persons, and video and audio engineers. Also called below-the-line personnel
this phase of production process involves any production activity that occurs after the production. Usually refers to video editing and/or audio sweetening
this phase of the production process is where the actual activities of an event are recorded and/or televised
This phase of the production process is where nearly all the planning is done. It is the preparation of all production details.
refers, not always accurately, to all performers and actors who regularly appear on video
With the lens set at infinity, the distance from the iris to the plane where the picture is in focus. Normally measured in millimeters or inches.
I look at your shot and tell you it is underexposed. Your aperture is set at f11 . Choose the f-stop that will help you increase your exposure.
a telephoto lens has what kind of focal length?
Which item is not one of the three basic elements of a video camera?
one camera lens can open to a maximum f-stop of f2 and another lens can open to a maximum f-stop of f4. Which lens is faster?
let less light through the lens
I look at your shot and tell you that you need to "close down" your iris. What am I asking you to do?
You are shooting out in the open on a bright, sunny day and want to make sure your shot is in focus. Which viewfinder do you use?
let more light through the lens
I look at your shot and tell you that you need to "open the iris". What am I asking you to do?
the scale in the lens, indicating the size of the lens opening
a wide-angle lens has what kind of focal length?
name the adjustable lens-opening mechanism (also called the lens diaphragm)
I look at your shot and tell you it is overexposed. Your aperture is set at f5.6 . Choose the f-stop that will help you reduce the overexposure.
the more pixels that the imaging device (or sensor) contains, the lower the resolution of the video image
the video camera converts this type of image into electrical signals
the addition of this item is what differentiates a camcorder from a basic video camera
the common name for a variable-focal-length lens
name the actual opening of the lens created by the manipulation of the lens-opening mechanism
zoom all the way in to your subject and set your focus there
in order to calibrate your zoom lens to remain in focus throughout your zoom, you should
you need to white-balance your camcorder every time you enter a new lighting environment
when walking with a handheld camera, whenever possible you should walk in which direction?
if you increase the shutter speed, you will need more light and should open up your iris
How will manipulation of your camera's shutter speed affect your camera's exposure?
toward the end of the pan
Before panning a handheld camera, you should point your knees in which direction?
increase the shutter speed
You're shooting across the finish line of a 100m dash and you want to make sure that the winner is not blurry. How do you manipulate your camera's shutter speed?
whenever you step away from the camera while operating it, you should always lock the mounting head
you should use the drag (friction) controls on the mounting head to lock the head
zoomed out to a wide-angle position
When shooting handheld, your shot will be more stable and less jittery with your lens set in which position?
front of the lens
The manual focus control on our camcorders is a ring on the lens that can be turned clockwise or counterclockwise to achieve focus. Where is it located on the lens?
to move the camera laterally by means of a mobile camera mount
device that attaches the camcorder to the mounting head
to tilt the camera sideways. More commonly called "shooting Dutch"
to point the camera up or down from a fixed position
to move the camera toward or away from an object in more or less a straight line by means of a mobile camera mount
to turn the camera side to side from a fixed position
to move the camera up or down on a camera crane or jib arm
to change the focal length of the lens while the camera (usually) remains in a fixed position
a three-legged camera mount. Also called sticks.
a device that connects a camera to its support. Also called the pan-and-tilt-head
to move the camera in a slightly curved dolly or truck
A small camera crane that can be operated by the cameraperson.
to adjust the camera so that a sheet of white paper looks white on the television screen regardless of whether the light that illuminates the paper is reddish or bluish
When your lens is zoomed all the way out to the wide-angle position, objects on the z-axis appear to be ______ ______ than they really are.
When your lens is zoomed all the way in to the telephoto position, the depth of field is
depth of field in a shot is dependent on three factors. Which option is not one of the three factors?
A person running toward the camera on the z-axis appears to run faster with the camera lens in which position?
This type of camera shot brings the object to the viewer.
object or any part of it seen at close range and framed tightly
depth of field
the area in which all objects, located at different distances from the camera, appear in focus
field of view
the portion of a scene visible through a particular lens; its vista
The space in front of a laterally moving object or person.
long shot (LS)
object seen from far away or framed very loosely; establishing shot
medium shot (MS)
Covers any framing between a long shot and a close-up.
the space in front of a stationary person looking toward the edge of the screen
Mentally filling in missing visual information that will lead to a complete and stable configuration.
Created by someone or something that unquestionably points in a specific direction; an arrow, a one-way street sign, somebody pointing, etc.
Indicates screen depth. Extends from camera lens to horizon.
the relationship of the width of the screen to its height; 4x3, 16x9, etc.
created by lines or an arrangement of stationary objects that lead the eye in a general direction
similar to the over-the-shoulder shot (O/S) except that the camera-near person is completely out of shot.
rule of thirds
a compositional aid that encourages the placement of important visual elements at the intersection of imaginary lines in the frame. Makes for more dynamic and interesting compositions.
always try to keep the camera as steady as possible and have the people and objects in front of the camera do the moving
when your lens is zoomed all the way out to the wide-angle position, the depth of field is
You need the camera lens in which position in order to perform a rack-focus shot?
close up (CU)
this field of view is essential for the small screen
fast, unmotivated zooms are as annoying as a needlessly roving camera
both behind it and in the background
when looking through the viewfinder, you must learn to see not only the foreground (target) object but also what is
upper third of the screen
As a rule of thumb, correct headroom in a close-up (CU) places the eyes of the person in which portion of the screen?
This type of camera shot takes the viewer to the object.
When your lens is zoomed all the way in to the telephoto position, objects on the z-axis appear to be _____ _____ than they really are.
the camera cannot make aesthetic decisions for you
during the z-axis your frame with distinct foreground, middle ground, and background elements create the illusion of
if you are recording your audio too loudly to the point of distortion, you are said to be "riding in the red"
lavaliere (lav) mic
a small, rugged, usually omnidirectional mic that is clipped to clothing and is used principally for voice pickup
a microphone (usually a shotgun mic) that is attached to a boom pole
a microphone (usually a dynamic mic) that is handheld by the talent
A microphone that broadcasts the audio signal from a transmitter to a receiver that is connected to the camcorder.
this setting on the camcorders automatically adjusts the volume of the various sounds to optimal levels, eliminating the need for manual volume control
amplifies the weak signals that come from the mics and other sound sources and lets you control the sound volume
a professional three-wire audio connector for balanced audio cables
a small audio connector for consumer microphones, small camcorders, iPods etc
a graphic representation of a specific sound or combination of sounds that occur over a period of time
the postproduction manipulation of recorded sound
In the normal field recording you should try to separate the sounds on different tracks as much as possible in order to make it easier to mix the two in the proper proportions in postproduction editing
the shotgun mics mounted on our camcorders have an omnidirectional pickup pattern
This microphone has a pickup pattern designed to hear equally well in all directions.
Which of the following microphones needs a power supply to activate the sound-generating device inside the mic and to amplify the electrical signal before it leaves the mic?
Which principle of sound aesthetics are we adhering to when we mix on-location ambient sounds with studio-recorded narration?
all of the obove
this microphone has a pickup pattern designed to hear especially well from one direction- the front
which principle of sound aesthetics refers to making a sound or selected group of sounds louder and more distinct than the ambient sounds?
which of the following microphones is the most rugged and has a build-in pop filter?
Which of the following microphones is so sensitive that a loud sound burst close to the mic can damage it?
Which principle of sound aesthetics holds that ambient sounds help to provide clues to where you are, even if your video doesn't show the sounds sources
The small shotgun mics on our camcorders get their power from the camcorder battery. This power supply is referred to as what?
If you are recording your audio too low, you are said to be "riding in the mud"
Which principle of sound aesthetics holds that close-up pictures should be matched with relatively close sounds, and long shots should be matched with sounds that seem to come from farther away?
the color temperature of an indoor lighting instrument can be raised by using what color gel?
Any of the above solutions (or a combination of them) will help you solve the contrast problem.
You are shooting a person outdoors on a bright, sunny day. One side of the subject's face is very bright and the other side is very dark presenting the camera with a contrast problem. How do you solve this contrast problem?
you need to white-balance the camera every time you move into a new lighting environment
open-faced lights provide smoother focusing of the light beam between spot and flood positions that do Fresnel lights
focusing a light results in harsher, more defined shadows
the more fill light, the slower the falloff
refers to the difference between the brightest and the darkest spots in a video image
backlights and background lights serve the same purpose
the relative reddishness or bluishness of white light; expressed in K (Kelvin).
term used to refer to the speed with which a light picture portion turns into a shadow area
Any of the above solutions (or a combination of them) will help you solve the contrast problem.
you are shooting a subject in the studio with a triangle lighting set-up. The key light side of the person's face is very bright and the shadow side of the person's face is very dark presenting the camera with a contrast problem. Which of the following solutions will help you solve the contrast problem?
this style of lighting has a light background and ample light on the scene
this light's primary purpose is to provide spatial definition by separating the subject from the background.it also adds sparkle and professional polish to any subject
the principal source of illumination
A lighting instrument that produces directional, relatively undiffused light with a relatively well-defined beam edge.
Illumination of the set, set pieces and backdrops.
the even, nondirectional (diffused) light necessary for the camera to operate optimally.
this style of lighting has a dark background, with a few selective light sources on the scene; dramatic lighting
a lighting instrument that produces diffused light with a relatively undefined beam edge
additional light that illuminates shadow areas and thereby reduces falloff
high-key lighting means that the key light strikes the subject from above eye level
the photographic principle, or triangle lighting, uses a key light, a fill light, and a background light
lights don't get hot and can be placed near combustible materials without fear of starting a fire
the standard color temperature for indoor lighting
color temperature has nothing to do with how hot the actual light source gets
Movable metal flaps attached to the front of lighting instruments that control the spread of the light beam.
Which type of shadow reveals the form and/or texture of an object?
the background light should strike the background from the same direction that the key light strikes the subject
floodlights produce faster falloff than spotlights
low-key lighting means that the lighting is soft and even, with extremely slow falloff.
editing offers you the final chance to clarify and intensify your intended message
digital file management
what is the basic principal of digital video editing?
computer with editing software, a fast processor, and fairly large storage capacity
What does the basic digital editing system consist of?
one of the great advantages of digital editing is that you can call up any clip for review in a fraction of a second, no matter where it is located on the editing system's drives. What is the term that the study guide uses for this advantage?
An important key to successful editing lies in the shooting phase of production and, to some extent, even in the preproduction phase. Good directors and shooters not only are able to visualize each shot and give it composition and meaning, but they also think ahead about how those shots will cut together and look in a sequence.
in complicated productions such as dramas and commercials, sequencing is determined by a series of sketches that show key visualizations and the sequencing of shots. What is the term for these sketches?
When shooting it's important to "start recording early and stop recording late". This ensures that you "leave margins" for editing.
all of the above
it is important during shooting to record background or ambient sound before changing shooting locations. How does this help in the editing process?
A brief shot recorded on location that will help improve or establish visual continuity between two shots
capture, editing, export
What are the three nonlinear editing phases?
this phase of the editing process involves moving your video and audio clips from the recording media (SD cards) to the EVO drives.
on the EVO drives
If you have captured your clips correctly, where are they stored?
creating transitions, effects and titles is accomplished in which phase of the editing process?
leaving the clips on the EVO drives and telling the computer the order in which to play them back
When you are editing in Premiere Pro using our EVO system you are
What is the final phase of the editing process that we use?
The panel where all the project's video clips, audio clips and sequences are gathered together
the panel where you view and trim raw clips
the panel that helps you find your clips on the EVO drives. Docked with the project panel
The panel that contains icons that represent tools that perform specific functions, typically types of edits in a sequence.
The panel that contains all the clip effects you will use in your sequences. Docked with the project panel
effects controls panel
The panel that displays the controls for any effects applied to a clip you select in a sequence. Docked with the source monitor
The panel where you do most of your actual editing. Contains a scrubber bar with a playhead. Shows the video track(s) and the audio track(s).
the panel that displays your sequence visually during playback
this basic editing function requires recognizing the essence of an event and selecting shots that nest express that essence. Typical of news editing.
this basic editing function can be reduced or even eliminated if careful attention is paid to preproduction and production details
this aesthetic style of editing is concerned mainly with how the picture and the sound form one shot carry over to the next shot. It seeks to create seamless transitions from one event detail to the next so that the story flows even though a great deal of information is purposely omitted
This aesthetic style of editing is done primarily to intensify an event and heighten its emotional impact, even at the risk of jarring the viewer's mental map.
this tells us where things are or are supposed to be in on- and off- screen space
graphic, index, and motion vectors play an important part in establishing and maintaining ___ from shot to shot
these vectors move or point toward each other
these vectors move or point away from each other
vectors can never change their directions in a single shot
If you show somebody running screen-left who then turns midscreen and runs screen-right, in order to maintain continuity the subsequent shot must show the person running which direction?
The first half of the parade would move in one direction and the second half of the parade would move in the other direction.
if you shot the first half of a parade from the north side of the street and then moved to the south side of the street to shoot the second half of the parade, what would happen in regard to motion continuity when you sat down to edit?
all of the above
the navigation device that helps maintain on-screen positions and motion continuity
interviewee's left shoulder
You are shooting an interview between two people standing and facing each other with one camera. You shoot the interviewee answering questions from over the right shoulder of the interviewer. You move the camera to reshoot the interviewer repeating the questions. In order to maintain continuity, which shoulder of the interviewee should you shoot over?
same side of the vector line
You are shooting the same interview but with two cameras now. Where should you place the second camera in relation to the first camera in order to maintain continuity?
A shot of an object or event that is peripherally connected with the overall event and that is relatively static. Commonly used between two shots that do not provide good continuity.
it is always better to try to cut two shots of the same action either right before or right after the action that it is to try to cut on the action
An image that jumps slightly from one screen position to another during a cut. Also, any gross visual discontinuity from shot to shot.
a carefully calculated juxtaposition of two or more images that may be taken from the same event or may be completely unrelated that, when shown together, combine to create a new meaning
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