multiple objective lenses on a turret, one ocular lens
each eyepiece has it's own ocular lens, gives 3D perspective, used for viewing larger specimens (also called stereoscopic microscope)
the magnification of the ocular lens time the magnification of the objective lens (example: ocular lens is 10x, objective lens is 40x, total magnification is 400x)
A measure of the clarity of the image; it is the minimum distance two points can be separated and still be distinguished as two separate points R= landa/2NA landa=wavelength of light, NA is numerical aperature the larger the NA, the lower the resolving power
-Found in plants, animals, fungi, protists -Has membrane bound organelles -Has DNA containing nucleus -Has chromosomes that carry linear DNA -Are fairly LARGE
-Bacteria -No membrane bound organelles -Does not contain nucleus, DNA is found throughout cell -Plasmid: circular DNA -fairly small
Movement of molecules from areas of higher chemical potential (higher concentration) to areas of lower chemical potential (lower concentration).
The free energy available to do work of moving molecules from one location to another, in some cases through a barrier such as a cell membrane.
The movement of water molecules from regions of higher water potential to regions of lower water potential across a semi permeable or selectively permeable membrane, i.e. diffusion of water
Molecules move from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration; molecules move in the same direction as the concentration gradient.
Molecules move from a region of low concentration to a region of high concentration; molecules move against the concentration gradient.
Selectively Permeable Membrane
Only certain molecules can pass through the membrane. Selected by size, polarity, charge, electrophobicity, etc.
A membrane (like a cell membrane) that allows some molecules to pass through, but not others.
A separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes.
A solution with a comparatively lower concentration of solutes compared to another.
A solution with equal concentration of solutes compared to another.
A solution with a comparatively higher concentration of solutes compared to another.