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_____________ is an artificial process in which the accumulation of drugs or waste metabolites is removed by diffusion from the body into the dialysis fluid.
- Peritoneal dialysis
Two common dialysis treatments are:
In _______________, the patient's blood is pumped through the blood compartment of a dialyzer, exposing it to a semipermeable membrane. The cleansed blood is then returned via the circuit back to the body.
__________________ occurs by increasing the hydrostatic pressure across the dialyzer membrane. This is usually done by applying a negative pressure to the dialysate compartment of the dialyzer.
In hemodialysis, negative pressure is applied to the dialysate compartment. This pressure gradient causes water and dissolved solutes to move from ____________ to dialysate, and allows removal of several liters of excess fluid.
How long is a typical dialysis treatment?
In _______________ dialysis, a special solution is run through a tube into the peritoneal cavity, the abdominal body cavity around the intestine.
none of the above
Which of the following is NOT a type of peritoneal dialysis?
a. Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
b. Continuous Cyclic Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD)
c. Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis (IPD)
d. Nocturnal Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis (NIPD)
T/F: Water-soluble drugs readily cross dialysis membranes, whereas drugs that are not readily water-soluble do not.
T/F: Only non-protein-bound drugs can cross dialysis membranes.
Molecules larger than ___________ atomic mass units usually do not pass through hemodialysis filters
_______________ is a term used to describe the process of drug removal from the dialysis machine; describes the amount of blood completely cleared of drugs (mL/min)
T/F: The rate of drug removal is equal to the volume of blood passed through the machine divided by the arterial difference in blood drug concentrations before and after dialysis.
T/F: Vancomycin molecular weight is 1500 Daltons is very low CLCAPD and equilibrium is not achieved within the dwell time.
T/F: Aminoglycosides molecular weight 500 Daltons equilibrium is reached at below the dwell time
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