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38 terms

Early Humans

EOMS 7th Grade Early Humans test
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What does BC stand for?
Before Christ.
What does BCE stand for?
Before Common Era.
What does AD stand for?
Anno Domini or After Birth.
What does CE stand for?
Common Era.
What is the job of an archaeologist like?
Excavating sites and looking for artifacts to tell about the past.
What is the job of a historian like?
Teaching and learning about about the identity and culture of a group of people. Interpreting history, making judgment about the future from the past.
What is difficult about interpreting artifacts?
You don't always know how old it is, artifacts can stand for many things, and nobody is alive from the past to tell us why and what happened.
What is a fossil?
The remains/imprint of a person or thing.
What is a primary source?
The original account of an event.
What is a secondary source?
Interprets primary sources.
What essential resources were used by the earliest humans?
Water, animals, soil and plants.
Why did early people settle in various locations?
For resources (food and water).
What is the job of a geographer like?
Studies physical and cultural makeup.
What do ancient bones tell us and why do archaeologists and anthropologists study them?
How old they are and how they walked. They study them so they can learn more about the Earth and how we originated.
What are the four versions of man?
Homo sapien, homo habilis, homo erectus, and australopithecus.
What does homo sapien mean?
Wise man.
What does homo habilis mean?
Handy man.
What does homo erectus mean?
Upright man.
What does australopithecus mean?
Southern ape.
How did the development of tools effect lives of early humans?
To be able to do things easier and faster - increased chances of survival. It was the earliest skill of early humans.
What was hunter-gatherer societies like?
Small groups of people in the past who hunted wild animals and gathered plants for food.
Why did early humans create cave art?
Hunting magic, ceremony, memory aid, and religious meaning.
What did the development of language do for early humans?
Improve ability to hunt in groups, allow for distrubution of food, formation of relationships.
How did the Ice Age impact early humans?
Early humans were forced to move to new environments and make adaptations in order to meet their need for food.
For example, people had to cross the land bridge between two continents to find new food sources during the ice age.
Hominid
Early ancestor of humans.
Ancestor
Relative who lived in the past.
Tool
Any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task.
Paleolithic Era
First part of the Stone Age; also known as the Old Stone Age when stone tools were first made and used.
Society
Community of people who share a common culture.
Hunter-gatherer
People who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive.
Migrate
To move to a new place.
Ice Ages
An age when sheets of ice covered much of the earth's land.
Land bridges
A strip of land connecting two continents.
Neolithic Era
New Stone Age, when farming started.
Domestication
The changing of plants and animals to make them more beneficial to humans.
How did the farming of the Neolithic Era impact daily life?
It allowed them to stay in one place and build permanent settlements that would allow for a community of people to grow into villages and towns.
What is a hierarchical society?
Hierarchical means few have all the power and keep all the wealth (some or more powerful than others).
What is a egalitarian society?
Egalitarian means all people share power and share the wealth (all people are equal).