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22 terms

Concepts of Chemical Dependency Chapters 3 & 4

A Brief Introduction to the Science of Pharmacology An Introduction to alcohol: Man's Oldest Recreational Chemical
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Methods of compound administration
Enteral and Paraenteral and other.
Examples of Enteral administration
oral, rectal, and sublingually
Examples of Paraenteral administration
subcutaneous and intravenous
Examples of other types of drug administration
intranasal, inhalation and transdermal
What is the body's way of filtering out compounds that have been introduced to the system.
Biotransformation
The time in which it takes a compound to work it's way into the general circulation, once it is administered.
Distribution half-life
The rough measure of the compound's duration of effect.
Therapeutic half-life
The time that the body requires to eliminate 50% of the compound.
Elimination half-life
The alcohol content of beer.
3.5-5%
The alcohol content of wine.
8-17%
The alcohol content of fortified wine.
20-24%
Inventor of Coca-cola
Albert Pemberton
Medical complications of alcohol consumption.
Hangover
Stroke
Liver failure
ETC.
At what BAL or BAC is considered illegal?
.08 Blood Alcohol Level (B.A.L.)
.08 Blood Alcohol Content (B.A.C.)
What percentage of homicides involve alcohol?
86%
What percentage of sex offenses involve alcohol?
60%
What percentage of child abuse cases involve alcohol?
30%
What percentage of physical assaults involve alcohol?
68%
What percentage of disputes involve alcohol?
57%
What percentage of loud arguments involve alcohol?
38%
Metabolic tolerance
When the body becomes more effective in breaking down or eliminate a compound.
Pharmacodynamic tolerance
The body's ability to develop some degree of insensitivity to the drug's effect.