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34 terms

English Literary and Poetry Devices

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alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
parallelism
the repetition of the same gramatical structure
personification
giving human like qualities to non-living things
hyperbole
an exxagerated statement not to be taken literally
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things without using like or as
consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds at the ends of words with different vowel sounds
onomatopeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests something.
allusion
a brief reference to a well-known historical, literal figure, work of art, song, bible, event in history or story.
synecdoche
a part stands for the whole
metonymy
when you substitute something that closely resembles what you really mean
repetition
repeating of a word or group of words for emphasis
apostrophe
a speaker directly addresses someone who is absent or dead or something human as if it were present or alive and able to reply
oxymoron
combination of contradictory terms
inversion
rearrange the words of a sentence
understatement
to understate the obvious, giving something less importance than is needed
symbol
an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhymed words at the ends of lines
tone
the attitude of the writer towards his character, reader, subject.
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds with different consonant sounds
analogy
a comparison of two unlike things to show their similarities. aka an extended metaphor
irony
using words to convey the opposite of its literal meaning.
imagery
writing that appeals to the senses using descriptive or figurative language.
speaker
the voice of the work
paradox
a statement that at first seems contradictory, but it is actually true
ballad
simple song having two stanzas using the same melody, a narrative.
couplet
a pair of lines of verse, especially ones that rhyme and are the same length.
epic
a poem that is usually centered around a hero
epic
a long narrative poem telling of the heroes deeds.
lyric poem
a short poem that expresses personal and emotional feelings.
sonnet
a 14 line poem that it ususally written in iambic pentameter, ends with a couplet, and follows a strict rhyme scheme.
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
free verse
unrhymes verse without a metrical pattern
ode
lyric poem addresses to a particular subject to celebrate or commemorate it.