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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. strophe
  2. dramatic irony
  3. peripeteia
  4. Sophocles
  5. tragic hero
  1. a famous Greek author, most known for books in the "Oedipus Trilogy"; considered "the height" of Greek tragedy; his plays have lots of irony, and major themes of his plays include arrogance and the "wisdom of accepting fate"; made the actors the main part of his plays; even though he wrote 123 plays, only seven are still around today
  2. b this person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall
  3. c this is a contrasting relationship between a character's understanding of his/her situation and what the audience actually understands that character's situation to be; in short, the audience knows something that the character doesn't; Sophocles used lots of this; an effective technique in Oedipus that is used to add to the suspense
  4. d this word, also known as "reversal," is the reversal of a situation (i.e. from good to bad or bad to good)
  5. e this was the first movement of the chorus in an ode

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. ascension to god-like status (a part of the tragic hero cycle, although this does not always happen)
  2. pursuit of excellence (a part of the tragic hero cycle)
  3. this was a dialogue spoken by one or some of the characters giving necessary background information about the play
  4. this was the first scene of the play (after the prologue), and it was used to provide important and relevant information regarding the play
  5. located northwest of Athens; largest city in the region; named for its mythical founder Cadmus; this is where most of the Oedipus trilogy takes place

5 True/False questions

  1. orchestrathis was the "dancing space"; it was the performing area (circular shaped) and it was surrounded by the theater and in front of the skene; there was an altar to Dionysus at the center

          

  2. hubristhis consisted of Athenian men and women; 12-15 singers and dancers who represented "the community"; they normally sang with an orchestra; Sophocles increased the size of this and made it less important than it originally was; very important part of the play; this would narrate and reflect back on the play; gives off a "unified feeling"

          

  3. Dionysusthis consisted of Athenian men and women; 12-15 singers and dancers who represented "the community"; they normally sang with an orchestra; Sophocles increased the size of this and made it less important than it originally was; very important part of the play; this would narrate and reflect back on the play; gives off a "unified feeling"

          

  4. choregoswealthy patrons who supervised and financed the plays; one of the public services required of the the wealthy; no control over which writer's play they would finance

          

  5. Oracle of Delphithis person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall