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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. tragic hero cycle
  2. anagnoresis
  3. apotheosis
  4. peripeteia
  5. antistrophe
  1. a ascension to god-like status (a part of the tragic hero cycle, although this does not always happen)
  2. b arete, hubris, ate, and sometimes apotheosis
  3. c this word, also known as "recognition," is the change from ignorance to awareness in the tragic hero; he/she usually recognizes some horrible event/secret and then achieves a revelation about something like human fate, destiny, and/or the will of the gods
  4. d this word, also known as "reversal," is the reversal of a situation (i.e. from good to bad or bad to good)
  5. e this was the second movement of the chorus in an ode (it was a response to the strophe)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. this was the "tent"; it was the backdrop for the orchestra (it was scenery); it was a room for changing and hiding props
  2. this person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall
  3. the quality of a play to evoke pity and fear in an an audience
  4. this is a contrasting relationship between a character's understanding of his/her situation and what the audience actually understands that character's situation to be; in short, the audience knows something that the character doesn't; Sophocles used lots of this; an effective technique in Oedipus that is used to add to the suspense
  5. known as the "inventor of tragedy"; in modern times actors are sometimes referred to as this-person's-name-ians; created the independent actor and dialogue; was a poet, playwright, and chorus leader himself; first person to create an acting troupe

5 True/False questions

  1. exodosthis consisted of Athenian men and women; 12-15 singers and dancers who represented "the community"; they normally sang with an orchestra; Sophocles increased the size of this and made it less important than it originally was; very important part of the play; this would narrate and reflect back on the play; gives off a "unified feeling"


  2. epiloguethis was a dialogue spoken by one or some of the characters giving necessary background information about the play


  3. masksthese were the most essential part of a Greek actor's costume and they were simple, yet personalized to each character


  4. atepursuit of excellence (a part of the tragic hero cycle)


  5. Oracle of Delphithis person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall


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