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Concepts of Chemical Dependency Chapters 7 & 8
Abuse of and Addiction to the Benzodiazepines and Similar Agents Abuse of and Addiction to Central Nervous System Stimulants
The most frequently prescribed psychotropic medication in the world.
Benzodiazepines are used to do what?
Replacement for Barbiturates
When a person has more than one disorder it is called what ?
What is the ratio of usage to detox time with Benzodiazepines?
1 year of use requires 30 days (1 month) of detox time.
One side effects of Benzodiazepines is that
Between 4-9 report a moderate to severe level of sedation when they first start Benzodiazepines
When a patient that has taken Benzodiazepines as prescribed has difficulties with the adjustment process of ending use of them.
Discontinuation Syndrome or Withdrawal
Symptoms of long term usage following withdrawal are
Normal dosage can cause what kind of side effects?
Benzodiazepines have been known to interfere with _________ function in both men and women.
Name three CNS stimulants.
Primary use of Ephedrine is as a treatment for_______.
Even at a ___________ dose ephedrine users are 200-300 % more likely to experience autonomic nervous system problems, upper gastronomy tract problems, and heart palpitations
Methylphenidate is prescribed mainly for _______ and rarely for_______.
ADHD and Narcolepsy
What percentage of the world's production of Methlphenidate does the U. S. consume?
Name the six stages of change.
Pat Can't Pay Any Money Today
Individual is still actively using chemicals and has not thoudght of stopping the use of recreational chemicals. Individual might not see use of chemicals as a problem.
Individual is still actively using chemicals but has ambivalence about whether she or he wants to continue.
Individual has decided to quit in the immediate future.
Individual has started to try to avoid further chemical use
Individual has made behavior change and continues to work to learn behaviors that will support recovery from chemical use.
Individual has made cognitive changes that support abstinence.
Teach client effects of drugs of abuse and risks associated with their use. Help client build self-esteem. Help client identify barriers to recovery.
Teach client about effects of drugs of abuse and risks associated with their use. Enhance motivation for change.
Enhance motivation for change. Help individual make behavioral plans to support impending change.
Identify relapse triggers. Help individual recognize symptoms of impending relapse.
Ensure stability of change. Help individual identify and deal with any personal issues that might be a threat to his or her recovery program.