Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of Ham's son
Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of the Philistines, who dwelt on the southwestern coast of the land.
Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of the name God gave to Jacob.
The world's 3 great monotheistic religions
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
The name that Christianity, Judaism, and Islam has given to the Promised Land.
Left Ur around 2000 B.C.; was known as "father of a great nation."
the founding fathers of the nation of Israel; Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Jacob's 12 sons.
one of the greatest men in world history who delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage and lead them to the land promised to their fathers.
a solemn agreement
The Ten Commandments
a summary of right and wrong, good and evil; AKA, Decalogue
a nation ruled by God
where David established his capital; the former Jebusite stronghold
a phonetic system of writing in which letters are used to represent sounds rather than things or ideas
known as the first true alphabet
where a more streamlined form of the alphabet appeared
the term from which we get the words "book" and "Bible"
Semitic seafarers and merchants; so-called this by the Greek
the year in which Israel was the greatest nation in the world under David and Solomon
when the empire split up, Israel became this part
when the empire split up, Judah became this part
the year Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom, fell to Assyrian invaders.
the year Jerusalem, the capital of the Southern Kingdom, fell to the Babylonians.
the Messiah of Israel and the Savior of the world who was born while Rome ruled the world.
Eastern Roman Empire that controlled parts of the Middle East for over a thousand years
the capital of the Byzantine Empire
another name for Byzantium; modern-day Istanbul; in European Turkey
the fanatical, militant new religion based in the Arabian Peninsula that increasingly threatened Byzantium after A.D. 600
an Arab mystic who started the religion of Islam
the city Mohammed was from
the term that describes the forced fleeing of Mohammed, his family, and his followers in 622 because of persecution from the authorities
Mohammed's successors whom ruled much of the Middle East and North Africa from the capitals of Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo
the holy book of Islam
the pioneer Englishman missionary in Persia, and throughout the Middle East
the first man in modern times to attempt to reach the Muslims of arabia with the gospel of Christ; a Scottish nobleman and graduate of Cambridge University
partnered with James Cantine to establish the Arabian Mission; became know as the "Apostle to Islam"
2 Basic Elements that Form Arabic Words
root and pattern
generally consists of 3 consonants and gives lexical meaning to the word
consists of vowels and giving grammatical meaning to the word
2 Varieties of the Arabic Language
classical (literary) and colloquial
the language of the Koran and the official language of Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
language that consists of numerous spoken dialects, all of which have been heavily influenced by the classical, literary Arabic; major dialects of this language are in Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, North Africa, and Syria.
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