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44 terms

Quiz 2

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Canaan
Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of Ham's son
Palestine
Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of the Philistines, who dwelt on the southwestern coast of the land.
Israel
Land of Sumer that was later named this in honor of the name God gave to Jacob.
The world's 3 great monotheistic religions
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Holy Land
The name that Christianity, Judaism, and Islam has given to the Promised Land.
Abraham
Left Ur around 2000 B.C.; was known as "father of a great nation."
Isaac
Abraham's son
Jacob
Isaac's son
Patriarchs
the founding fathers of the nation of Israel; Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Jacob's 12 sons.
Moses
one of the greatest men in world history who delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage and lead them to the land promised to their fathers.
Covenant
a solemn agreement
The Ten Commandments
a summary of right and wrong, good and evil; AKA, Decalogue
Theocracy
a nation ruled by God
Jerusalem
where David established his capital; the former Jebusite stronghold
Alphabet
a phonetic system of writing in which letters are used to represent sounds rather than things or ideas
Sinai Script
known as the first true alphabet
Gebal
where a more streamlined form of the alphabet appeared
Byblos
the term from which we get the words "book" and "Bible"
Phoenicians
Semitic seafarers and merchants; so-called this by the Greek
1000 B.C.
the year in which Israel was the greatest nation in the world under David and Solomon
Northern Kingdom
when the empire split up, Israel became this part
Southern Kingdom
when the empire split up, Judah became this part
721 B.C.
the year Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom, fell to Assyrian invaders.
586 B.C.
the year Jerusalem, the capital of the Southern Kingdom, fell to the Babylonians.
Jesus Christ
the Messiah of Israel and the Savior of the world who was born while Rome ruled the world.
Byzantine Empire
Eastern Roman Empire that controlled parts of the Middle East for over a thousand years
Byzantium
the capital of the Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
another name for Byzantium; modern-day Istanbul; in European Turkey
Islam
the fanatical, militant new religion based in the Arabian Peninsula that increasingly threatened Byzantium after A.D. 600
Mohammed
an Arab mystic who started the religion of Islam
Mecca
the city Mohammed was from
Muslims
Mohammed's followers
Hegira
the term that describes the forced fleeing of Mohammed, his family, and his followers in 622 because of persecution from the authorities
Caliphs
Mohammed's successors whom ruled much of the Middle East and North Africa from the capitals of Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo
Koran
the holy book of Islam
Henry Martyn
the pioneer Englishman missionary in Persia, and throughout the Middle East
Ion-Keith Falconer
the first man in modern times to attempt to reach the Muslims of arabia with the gospel of Christ; a Scottish nobleman and graduate of Cambridge University
Samuel Zwemer
partnered with James Cantine to establish the Arabian Mission; became know as the "Apostle to Islam"
2 Basic Elements that Form Arabic Words
root and pattern
Root
generally consists of 3 consonants and gives lexical meaning to the word
Pattern
consists of vowels and giving grammatical meaning to the word
2 Varieties of the Arabic Language
classical (literary) and colloquial
Classical Arabic
the language of the Koran and the official language of Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
Colloquial Arabic
language that consists of numerous spoken dialects, all of which have been heavily influenced by the classical, literary Arabic; major dialects of this language are in Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, North Africa, and Syria.