Only $35.99/year

Terms in this set (289)

NOTE I: On 56, one of the fishermen says "Überall werden wir durch den Schmutz gezogen" or dragged through the mud, referring to the reputation of the town in regional newspapers. NOTE II: There are many allusions to German history, myth and legend in this chapter. We've had the Knabe im Moor, a very famous poem. Consider also the following: p. 56 The reference to the unification of the German states into a united Germany in 1871 after Bismarck's wars of unification. p. 56, 60, and 61: the "Goldstück", "die Flußfrau," "die Rheinfrau," is sai to be a bronze statue from the Roman imperial period. Two important points: on 61 we hear about how the statue was left behind when the German tribes drove the Romans out of German territory. It is one of the founding myths of Germany that Hermann and and his barbarian warriors drove out the foreign Romans for good, thus securing Germany for the Germans. So the Roman story has patriotic value, and the recovery of the statue does as well. The "Rheinfrau" of the statue is an ancient and extremely popular legend in Germany, The Rheinfrau or "Lorelei" was said to be a vixen of surpassing beauty who lured sailors to their deaths. But she is forever linked to the mystique of the Rhein river. on p. 59: When Sigi asks for a story from the sailors, Karl suggests the "Schwannenritter," again an ancient, medieval German legend, this time about a Germanic knight and the Holy Grail. The grail legend was rekindled during the middle ages during the Crusades (Kreuzzüge) during which German and other Western, Christian knights went to battle to reclaim the Holy Land, killing countless Muslims and Jews in the process. The opera "Lohengrin" by Richard Wagner is and was a great favorite. It includes the march we refer to as "Here Comes the Bride." It's a powerful musical opera. It was also a favorite of A. Hitler for its portrayal of Germanic heroism, honor, tradition and sacrifice. Notice how all of these cultural references, historical and legendary, contribute to the construction of a German heritage and identity. Think about where the Jews would fit into this idea of Germanness, citizenship, and belonging.
- Pfingsten is speaking to Waldhoff. Notice that he uses the term "Fronten" to characterize the divide between Germans and Jews in the town. He says these fronts are "unsinnig" meaning senseless
- Waldhoff has been talking to his friends and family in Neuss. He is considering moving away from their town. Pfingsten fears this will look like he is running away. Waldhoff says he doesn't care: "Ich halte das nicht mehr aus.? His family is being ostracized and anyone who deals with them at all suffers.
- They discuss that it's been almost a century since Jews have been granted equal rights in the German-speaking territories (Gleichheitsrechte=die gleichen Rechte). So they have de jura rights, but de facto they continue to be discriminated against:
- When Sigi and Waldhoff return home (having walked the last stretch to not be seen in Pfingsten's cart and cause him trouble), the KaKa from Berlin, Hundt, is in their living room. He indicates that they should come to the Amtsgericht (district court) the following day to give their statement and be questioned.
- a sack with blood stains and numerous butcher knives are found and confiscated. Sigi slips his own treasured pocket knife into his pocket. No questions to answer on this page.
- KakaBe asks Waldhoff about the blood stained sack. Waldhoff explains it is a Räuchersack that he uses to smoke his meat. The commissioner confiscates all of these items. The commissioner then goes on to ask about rumors he heard the Jean had ruined (verdorben) one of the gravestones from the workshop. Waldhoff says he had scolded Jean for knocking a small corner off of one piece of work, but that it had been easily repaired. Do not read the whole page. Scan the bottom of the page for these answers.
Time has passed. It is summer. The chapter starts with Frau Ulpius and Karl talking about weighing (wiegen) the wool (die Wolle) from their sheep from the past winter. The winter was hard so the sheep produced more wool to keep warm. Vater Ulpius has been in the neighboring town, Kreisstadt, at Waldhoff's trial (der Prozeß) for the past three days. He uses the scale (die Waage) on which the wool was being weighed to demonstrate the evidence or testimony that has been given for and against Waldhoff. Eventually, many neighbors have gathered to hear the updates, and by the end of the day, all of the news has spread throughout the town: Someone supposedly heard Sigi ask his father if a stain would come out of something. (weights/Gewichte agains Waldhoff in the scale) Someone saw Waldhoff stumbling around in confusion and looking out of it the days after Peter und Pauls Tag. Someone said that on the days after the murder he was depressed and walked around not greeting people as if he were trying to avoid them Mehlbaum sticks to his story that he saw Ruth crossing the courtyard with a heavy sack. The lawyer for the defense got testimony that any sharp knife could have killed Jean, not just one of Waldhoff's. Three expert witnesses contradicted the prosecutor that it had to be one of Waldhoff's knives. (stones on the other side of the scale for Waldhoff)Another expert witness testified that microscopic evidence confirmed the stain on the sack was not blood. That said, since the event was a year ago, no one could counter examine that finding as the evidence was too old. A history professor testified that no Jewish texts or writings or historical evidence points to Jews using children's blood for rituals. Indeed, the holy texts explicitly forbid the tasting of blood. The professor also noted that early Christians were also accused of ritual child murder by the majority community, and that the story had been taken over and applied to the Jews later. Finally, the pope had firmly decreed in the 13th century that Jews had nothing to do with ritual murder, so the church itself contradicts the persistent conspiracy theories. Points for Waldhoff. Stones on his side of the scale. Kräfting continues to maintain that he saw a child being pulled into the Waldhoff house on the day of the murder, It was Jean, so help him God. Morgen ist Ortstermin! Tomorrow the official of the court and jury will visit the scene of the crime: the Waldhoff's house. Everyone in town can be close by to witness the event. As a special surprise: Sigi has been invited to stay overnight with the Ulpius family during the visit, as the family will be present for the crime scene investigation. They will arrive by train. Karl has stolen the key to the church bell tower so they can finally go up, secretly, to "get some perspective" and have an adventure. Karl is keeping the promise he made to Sigi to take him up the tower.