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UVM Race Relations Exam 3
Terms in this set (46)
Where does the term "Jim Crow" originate from?
Minstrel show, tomas rice, popular character black face, white actor
The infamous court case which ruled "separate but equal" okay and this court case upheld segregation laws in the us?
1896 Plessy vs Ferguson
In addition to the ruling separate but equal in this case, what is this case also know for upholding the arbitrary rule of racial classification
One drop rule, 1/8th black, but jailed
Five types of Jim Crow laws
Informal Jim Crow etiquette
One drop lows
Who was Emmett Till?
Black kid from Chicago in Money Mississippi, accused of whistling at a white woman, was taken by the men in her family and was tortured and murdered, never convicted, open casket funeral
Shows social control to maintain Jim Crow etiquette
What was the Great Migration?
A lot of AAs migrated to northern states, about 5 mil, to escape rural south away from jim crow
What were two push factors that led to the movement out of the south?
Jim Crow, dwindling cotton economy in the south
Two pull factors to go to the north?
Train system in place, more jobs--industrial, many soldiers were at war
What is the difference between "de jure" and de facto" segregation?
De jure: segregation by law, jim crow
De facto: segregation by custom, like in the north, no laws
A stipulation written into a deed for a house that the buyer must abide by such as restricting the new owner from ever selling the house to Jews or Blacks
The court case which marked the beginning of the CIvil Rights Movement and overturned Plessy v Ferguson
Brown vs Board of Education, 1954
The significance of Brown v Board of Education:
Integrated public schools with all deliberate speed
In what ways did whites resist desegregation?
A lot of riots and protests; mayor ordered the police to block the entrance, would rather shut down the school than desegregated them; segregation academies--- private schools to replace public schools that had been segregated.
In addition to using the courts to counter oppression, blacks also used the tactic of ___
Civil disobedience: boycotts, peaceful protests
Examples of civil disobedience
Peaceful protests, boycotts (montgomery bus boycott, 381 days), sit ins, Rosa parks refusing to get off the bus
Who was the young woman who came before RPs and was arrested for sitting in the white section of the bus?
What are 4 issues of contention between Anglo-Americans and the Mexican govt in the early 1800s?
Religious differences, Contention over slavery, expulsion of illegal american immigrants, economic and political pressure
Contention over slavery, whites would bring their slaves into mexico even though it was outlawed
Religion -- most mexicans were catholic, most mexicans were protestant
Government response to anglos going into mexican territory: expulsion of illegal immigrants in mexico
Perception of economic and political pressure by mexican government because they were ruled by mexican government so far away in mexico city
The republic of Texas survives as an independent republic for how many years
Did mexico formally recognize the republic of texas
No, saw it as a part of mexico
What is the key cause of the Mexican -american war was?
Over land, most of texas, california, annexation of the republic of texas--texas 20th state, 1845
Who won the war and what was the treaty that ended the war?
Treaty of guadalupe hidalgo, US won, 1848
What did the US get and what did Mexico get under this treaty?
Mexico -- $15 mil and citizenship rights of some sort?
US-- big chunk of land, like half of mexico, the mutilation
The program agreed to by the US and M that allowed M workers to temporarily immigrate to the US and work as laborers
Bracero Program, allowed mexicans to work in us
The period in 1950s in which 100s of thousands of legal and illegal M immigrants were sent back to M?
Operation Wetback was modeled after which similar efforts in the 1930s which rounded up legal and illegal immigrants and american-born citizens and sent them back to m
What was the key push factor that led to the first wave of Cuban migration to the US?
The cuban revolution 1959, sparked the rise of communism in Cuba
What segment of Cuban society immigrated during the first wave and why?
Wealthy people who wanted to keep their high status and not be threatened by communism, they also had the financial ability and resources to come
How did the second wave of Cuban immigrants differ from the the first wave?
Less educated, skin was darker, stigmatized as mental patients, drug addicts, convicts; treated a lot worse, lower class, 1980
What was the policy for Cubans immigrating to the US under Clinton and Bush Jr and ended by Obama?
If they made it to land they could stay, but if they were caught in the water they were sent back. Wet-foot, dry-foot policy
What was the first asian ethnic group to enter the US in large numbers?
Chinese men coming to mine and build railroad, gold rush
What are three underlying fears with regard to "yellow peril"?
Steal their jobs, economic threat of cheap asian labor
Steal their women, miscegenation
Threat of losing the 'white way of life'
Anti-Asian sentiment in the US cam in four forms, what were they?
Violence against AAs, murders and lynchings
White resistance, boycotts, discrimination in hiring and services
Anti-Asian Legislation, Tax AA earnings
What are three types of Anti-Asian legislation?
Anti Miscegenation laws
The 1907 legislation which curbed new Japanese immigration, except Japanese women and children?
The first act to restrict immigration of a specific nationality to the US?
Chinese exclusion act of 1882
Act that halted all asian immigration to the us and ended the Gents agreement?
1924 Oriental Exclusion Act
The first year that Asian Americans were eligible for naturalized US citizenship?
What is the significance of Ozawa vs US (1922)
Asian american trying to get citizenship because he looked white, courts deemed that they were not white and could not become citizens, even though his skin is white, he is not considered caucasian, not considered white in the US
Thind v US in 1923
Contradicted what they said to Ozawa, even though Indian Thind was technically caucasian, but because his skin is not white, he cannot be a considered white
The act that penalized american born women for marring Asian men?
What was the penalty?
What fraction of Japanese ancestry was enough to be placed in a US internment camp during WWII?
What portion of those detained in internment camps were us citizens?
What was the immigration act opened up immigration to Asians...
What does the term Model Minority mean?
What are problems with the "model minority stereotype?
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