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Biology Semester 1 Exam
Diagrams to know: -cell organelles, types of solutions (hypertonic, hypotonic, isotonic), ATP/ADP, Chloroplast, Photosynthesis Cycle with reactants and products, Photosynthesis Balanced Equation, Cellular Respiration Balanced Equation, Cellular Respiration Flowchart, Chromosome Diagram, Mitosis Diagrams, Cell Cycle Stages Diagram
Terms in this set (95)
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in all living things, and all cells come from preexisting cells
What are the three parts of Cell theory?
Prokaryotic cells do not enclose their DNA in a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
How would you be able to recognize a prokaryotic cell under a microscope?
What cells enclose their DNA in a nucleus?
The cytoplasm surrounds and suspends the nucleus
What is the relationship between the nucleus and the cytoplasm?
What organelle breaks down other organelles and other cells?
vacuoles (especially in plant cell)
What plant organelle stores salts and water?
ribosomes; the nucleus
What structure makes proteins and where are these made?
What organelle modifies and sorts and packages proteins?
What organelle converts chemical energy in food to compounds that the cell can use to make energy?
Mitochondria and chloroplasts
Which two organelles are involved in energy conversion?
they are porous and rigid
How is the cell wall different from the cell membrane?
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
What is the primary function of the cell membrane?
Ribosomes are made in the nucleus; they can be found in the cytoplasm and attached to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Where are protein synthesizers made and where are most of them located?
What is the largest structure in a plant cell?
The movement of materials across the cell membrane without using cellular energy
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