# Advanced Statistics Final Exam

If a student gets a lower than desired score on a learning assessment, according to the syllabus, which of the following is LEAST likely to be helpful in improving future scores?
A. Increasing regular study and review of course material
B. Testing oneself to develop one's own judgment of learning
C. Figuring out which specific items were missed on the learning assessment
D. Increasing focus on big-picture concepts
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If a student gets a lower than desired score on a learning assessment, according to the syllabus, which of the following is LEAST likely to be helpful in improving future scores?
A. Increasing regular study and review of course material
B. Testing oneself to develop one's own judgment of learning
C. Figuring out which specific items were missed on the learning assessment
D. Increasing focus on big-picture concepts
An instructor gives cumulative tests in a class and requires students to make an appointment if they want to know which items they missed on a test. According to Dr. Sanford, in which of the following situations is the instructor likely to receive complaints from students about not being told which items they missed?
A. If the students are not given any study guides or any direction on how to study for tests.
B. If the students are given access to the entire pool of questions used to create the tests.
C. If student grades are determined by a very small number of tests so that they rarely receive feedback (for example, if grades are determined by just two midterm tests and a final exam).
D. If the instructor fails to give students tools that can be used so that students can do their own judgment of learning.
The syllabus describes a plan in which an answer key for the lecture study guide is NOT posted. Which of the following is a FALSE statement about this plan?
A. This plan provides a way for students to learn key concepts even if they choose to skip some videos.
B. This plan is intended to encourage students to focus on big-picture concepts rather than making excessive use of rote memorization.
C. With this plan, it is assumed that, in any class, there is always some risk that students could learn material incorrectly.
D. With this plan, if students are uncertain about answers after reviewing videos, one way to get correct answers is by asking questions during class meetings.
The syllabus describes several potential problems that could occur if students are told which specific items they missed after each learning assessment. Which of the following is NOT listed as a potential problem with telling students which items they missed?
A. It discourages students from testing themselves and doing their own judgment of learning.
B. It discourages students from focusing on understanding the important big-picture concepts.
C. It leads students to focus on a narrow set of missed items, when they should be focusing on following all the tactics for doing well in the course.
D. It encourages students to take an excessively holistic approach in viewing their learning assessment scores.
According to the syllabus, which of the following is true about the reliability of learning assessments?
A. At the beginning of the semester, a simple random error could drop a score from an A to a B+.
B. Tests at the beginning of the semester will be more reliable than tests at the end.
C. When a test is easy, it produces more reliable scores for students in the top portion of a class than for students in the bottom portion.
D. Tests at the beginning of the semester will be equally as difficult as tests at the end of the semester.
Professor Cid observed that, "the patient was in good condition, talked relevantly and coherently, and was correctly oriented." This is an example of ______ .
A. A quantified observation
B. An observation that has NOT been quantified
C. A variable
D. A categorical variable
E. A numerically scaled variable