How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

93 terms

Miladys Standard Esthetics Ch.4 Infection Control and Practice

STUDY
PLAY
Why should estheticians study bacteria?
To understand the basics of cleaning,disinfecting and following state rules will ensure that you're protected
Tiny plant cells that cant be seen by the naked eye
Microorganisms
Bacteria is also known as
Microbes or germs
Bacteria that helps the body breakdown food, protect against infection and stimulate the immune system
Pathogenic
Bacteria that are considered harmful because they may cause disease or infection when they invade the body
Nonpathogenic
Round shape bacteria
cocci
rod shaped
bacilli
spiral shaped
spiral corkscrew
pustules and boils
staphyloca
tuberculosis
bacilli
strep throat
strepocci
lme disease
spirilla
pneumonia
diplozia
The life cycle of bacteria is made up of these two phases
active and inactive spore forming stage
To survive difficult conditions such as famine or unsuitable temperatures certain bacteria form ______outer shell.
waxy
In what ways does the body fight infection?
unbroken skin body secretions white cells antoxins that counteract toxins
Pathogenice bacteria and viruses that are carried through the body in blook or body fluids are called
blood born pathogens
When a pathogenic bacteria or viruses invade the body______may occur
infection
A disease that spreads by contact from one person to another is
contagious
A______infection is confined to a particular part of the body
local
When bacteria or viruses are carried throughout the body a_______infection results
general
_______live in or on another living organism, and draw their nourishment from this organism.
Parasite
Ringworm is a vegetable (plant) parasite or
fungi
There are two types of parasites those living____a host and those living_______.
outside inside
The ability of the body to resist infections is called
immunity
____________is a set of guidelines that require employees to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious.
Principle of presentation
Most bacteria are classified as___________
nonpathogenic
Some pathogens protect themselves from harsh conditions by forming
spores
The common cold, small pox and aids are all caused by
viruses
Bacteria become visible when observed under a
microscope
_________is the virus that causes AIDS.
HI
A disease caused by a virus similar to HIV but more easily contracted, is called
hepatitis
The_______virus is present in all body fluids.
hepatistis
_______are among the most common human bacteria.
Staphylozocci
Aids is a type of_______infection
genral
Parasites cannot live without a________
host
Molds mildew and yeast are all types of
fundi
The skin disease caused by the itch mite is
scabies
_______immunity is an inherited resistance to disease.
acquired
_________immunity is developed after the body overcomes a disease.
natural
Acquired immunity can also be developed through_____or after the body overcomes a disease
inoculation
The federal agency that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Most objects or surfaces in your surroundings are________which means they have microorganisms on them
Contaminated
Three main levels of contamination
Sanitation Disinfection Sterilization
______________kills all microorganisms including bacterial spores.
sterilization
An autoclave sterilizes tools by using____under pressure
steam
Disinfection kills most microorganisms on hard_____surfaces
nonporous
Disinfection does not kill
bacterial spores
________should not be used on human skin hair or nails
disinfectant
The________registers different types of disinfectants
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
Manufactures are required to provide information about their products in a
product label
Any implemented that comes into contact with blood or body fluids must be disinfected in a EPA registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or a disinfectant that kills
hiv 1 and hepatitis b virus
_________not a legal disinfectant
alcohol
nontoxic odorless and fast acting
quats
effective laundry additive
bleach
You should always wear________and_____when mixing disinfectants.
gloves safety goggles
An important rule when mixing disinfectants is to add_________to ____________
disinfectant to water
The purpose of wet sanitizer is to_______
disinfect
Any item used on a client must or
disinfected discarded
____or_____ may grown on unwashed laundry that had been left in a laundry cart.
fungus mold
Touching an object such as the skin and then touching another object or product with the same hand or utensil results in
cross contamination
________________ supplies and implements are thrown away after use
disposable
Use____ ______ or a_______to remove implements from disinfectants.
basket gloves clean tongs
The lowest level of decontamination is
sanitization
_________may kill retard or prevent the growth of bacteria but they are not classified as disinfectants.
antiseptics
Disposable lancets should be disposed of ina
puncture proof container
Nonporous tools such as tweezers and scissor that have not come in contact with blood should be decontaminated by complete immersion in an epa registered hospital grade disinfectant that is
bactericidal pseudomnacidal fungicidal viricidal
Universal Precautions require that employer/employees assume that all human____ and ____ are infectious for HIV HBV AND OTHER blood borne pathogens.
blood fluids
Dirt oil makeup on a brush or lotion on a cotton pad are all
contaminants
Removing pathogens from tools and surfaces is called
decontamination
Methods of sterilization include the autoclave and
dry heat
items such as _____ cannot be sterilized in an autoclave because they will break
glass electrodes
Any disinfectant used in a salon must have the correct_____or effectiveness against pathogens.
efficacy
__________was used as a disinfectant in the past but it is no longer considered safe for salon use.
sodium hypochlorie
The chemical term for_______is sodium hypochlorite
formalin
Proper disinfecton procedure requires complete____in disinfectant forthe required amount of time
aimmersion
handling serilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so they are not contaminated until they are used on a client is called an
asseptic procedure
In a blood spill after cleaning the wound apply an ant_____to the wound
antiseptic
Contaminated disposable objects such a cotton balls should be discarded by______
double bagging
Sanitizing means significantly reducing the number of_____ on a surface
pathogens
OSHA precribes the use of _______as the approach to infection control
Universal Precautions
A client who is________shos no symptoms or signs of infection
asymptomatic
Disease produced by disease causing organisms including bacteria virus and fungi
Pathogenic disease
Disease that affects the body generally often due to under or over functioning of internal glands/organs.
Systemic Disease
One cell organism with both plant/animal characteristics some harmful/harmless known as microbes or germs
Bacteria
Communicable by infection from one person to another person or from one infected body part tot another
Infectious
Nonscientific synonyms for disease producing bacteria
Microbes/germs
ology
study of
an organism that grows feeds and shelters on or in another organism
parasite
any of various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms
toxin
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects cells of biological organisms.
Virus
slender hair like exstentions
flagella
During the_________stage bacteria grow and reproduce
active