19 terms

Organic Molecule Chart

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carbohydrate elements
CHO
carbohydrate monomers
monosaccharide
carbohydrate functions
short term energy
carbohydrate examples
glucose
carbohydrate positive test
glucose-benedict's solution (blue to orange), starch-iodine (red/black)
lipid elements
CHO
lipid monomers
glycerol, fatty acid chains
lipid functions
long term energy, insulation
lipid examples
fats, oils, wax
lipid positive test
brown paper towel translucent
protein elements
CHON
protein monomers
amino acids
protein functions
carry O2 in blood (hemoglobin), speed up chemical rxns, immunity, hormones (insulin)
protein examples
enzymes
protein positive test
biuret-light purple to dark purple
nucleic acid elements
CHONP
nucleic acid monomers
nucleotides
nucleic acid function
stores cellular information
nucleic acid examples
DNA, RNA
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