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Biol 255 Exam 1
Terms in this set (50)
Systemic anatomy refers to:
studying all organs that share an overall function of the body together (e.g., all organs involved in digestion)
What is cytology?
study of cells
Which correctly lists the levels of structural organization from largest to smallest?
organism, organ system, organ, tissue, cell, molecule
Match each of the following organ systems with one of the organs that can be found in it.
6. Sebaceous glands
The anatomical position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward
Which pair of anatomical directional terms are mostly equivalent for quadrupeds (four-legged animals) and bipeds (two-legged animals)?
The manual region is [ Select ] ["posterior", "distal", "medial", "lateral", "anterior", "proximal"] to the brachial region.
The pericardial cavity is [ Select ] ["posterior", "inferior", "superior", "anterior", "lateral", "medial"] to the pleural cavities.
Which term refers to the region of the head, neck, and trunk of the body (everything on the midline)?
Which plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions?
Which of the following body cavities is NOT found in the thoracic cavity?
The serous membrane that is found on the outer surface of the stomach and small intestines is the:
The right and left hypochondriac regions on the abdomen are directly lateral to which region?
Which part of the plasma membrane is most responsible for preventing polar (hydrophilic) substances from freely passing between the outside and inside of the cell?
the phospholipid bilayer
Epithelial tissue can act as a selective barrier, allowing some substances to travel from the lumen, through epithelial cells, and to the underlying connective tissue and blood vessels. To prevent substances from slipping between the epithelial cells, membranes are stitched together by:
Which cytoplasmic inclusion can be a source for quick energy in cells when it is broken down into simple carbohydrates?
Which of the following are NOT part of the cytoskeleton?
Which organelle would modify and package proteins into vesicles that are destined for the plasma membrane?
Which of the following human cells is haploid?
Which process starts with a diploid parent cell and results in four non-identical daughter cells?
During which mitotic phase are the chromosomes lined up on the equatorial plate?
During which phase is DNA replicated and sister chromatids formed?
RNA is created (transcribed) in the:
Which type of tissue typically has fewer cells and more extracellular matrix compared to the other types of tissue?
The tissue lining the alveoli in the respiratory tract needs to allow very quick diffusion of gases across its surface. Which type of tissue allows this?
simple squamous epithelium
Which type of epithelial tissue is best for physical protection of underlying tissues?
stratified squamous epithelium
Ceruminous glands create a thick, waxy product by pinching off the apical region of the glandular epithelial cells and releasing it into the duct. What type of gland are they categorized by functionally?
Which type of connective tissue can resist forces in many directions because it consists of tightly-packed collagen fibers arranged in different orientations?
dense irregular connective tissue
Which muscle tissue is composed of striated, branched cells under involuntary control?
Which primary germ cell layer is nervous tissue derived from?
Exocrine glands are made from [ Select ] ["epithelial", "connective"] tissue, are usually housed in epithelial tissue, and secrete their substances ________
2. On epithelial surfaces
Match the cell to the connective tissue that it is found in.
stem cells that can produce any type of connective tissue-
3. Commective tissue proper
Once the three primary germ cell layers form, a developing human is called a(n):
Which process needs to occur for two haploid gametes to become a single diploid cell?
The correct sequence of preembryonic structures is:
zygote, morular, blastocyst
Match the extraembryonic membrane with the type(s) of cell it is derived from.
3. Cytrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast
Most major organs initially develop during which stage?
Which of the following extraembryonic membranes encloses the embryo in a protective, fluid-filled sac?
The epidermis is made of [ Select ] ["connective", "epithelial"] tissue and is derived from the [ Select ] ["endoderm", "ectoderm", "mesoderm"] .
The dermis is made of [ Select ] ["connective", "epithelial"] tissue and is derived from the [ Select ] ["mesoderm", "endoderm", "ectoderm"] .
Which layer of the epidermis comprises the outermost layer and provides most of the epidermal thickness?
Which skin layer is composed of dense connective tissue and houses many of the accessory structures of the skin?
reticular region of the dermis
Which type of glands produce the distinctive smelling sweat in your axillary and genital areas?
apocrine sweat glands
Which type of protein is packed into the cells that make up your outermost-layer of skin, hair, and nails?
The workings of all of the systems in the body are modified and maintained by signals from which two systems?
nervous and endocrine
You are examining a cell that has relatively large amounts of rough endoplasmic reticulum compared to other cells in the same organism. What can you conclude about this cell?
This cell likely produces large amounts of proteins that are secreted from the cell.
Which structures would you expect to find lining your respiratory tract to move mucus along the surface?
In mitosis, the nuclear envelope dissolves in [ Select ] ["metaphase", "anaphase", "prophase", "telophase"] and re-forms in [ Select ] ["telophase", "prophase", "anaphase", "metaphase"] .
Which cavity does NOT contain any serous membranes?
A doctor suspects their patient has appendicitis due to a sharp pain felt in the region labeled "7" in the picture above. Which region is this?
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