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Abnormal Psychology Semester Test
Terms in this set (70)
Frued believed that __________ were the cause of the many problems that his patients experienced
Early childhood experiences
In Maslows theory of motivation, ____________ needs must be satisfied before one can be motivated to establish belonging and love needs
__________ is the ability to view a situation from the clients point of view.
Psychology originated from _______________ and did not become its own study until the 1860's
The process of closing large asylums and providing community treatment instead is known as ___________________.
The concept of _______________ explains why the emotion of jealousy has survived in males over time.
Behavioral psychology's most prominent contribution to the field was the ____________________________________.
Principles of learning
__________________ psychologist have found that we are attracted to the others who are similar to us in attitude and interest.
Brad goes to his local coffee shop on his way to work. There is a line of 10 people in front of him, but he is already running late, so he walks to the front of the line and begins to order his coffee. Brad has violated _____________________.
The 3 main categories of research are _________________, ____________________, and _________________.
Correlational, experimental, descriptive
Scientific research is what makes the difference between ____________ and _______________.
Observing behavior in individuals in their natural environment is a _______________ experimental method.
Prior to participating in a research experiment, participants should read and sign an _________________________.
To determine what kind of behavior feral cats in your neighborhood engage in at night you would use ____________________________.
In a basic experimental design, there are two variables. The _______________________ is the variable that is manipulated by the experimenter.
Studies of British civil servants have found that those in the lowest status jobs are much more likely to develop heart disease than those who have high status jobs. These findings attest to the importance of ________ in dealing with stress.
After various attempts to get the class bully to leave him alone, Timmy gave up. He believed there was nothing he could do to stop the bullying so he allowed it to continue happening. This best represents the theory of _______________________.
The ____________ is the part of the brain important in the process of sleep by shutting down incoming sensory information to the brain.
The __________ lobe processes visual information.
Important in the sleep-wake cycle, the _______ gland controls melatonin secretion.
______________ provides the future ability for the creation of a drug that helps grow neurons to replace damaged or dead neurons.
Neuroplasticity is most prominent in _______________.
Research has linked high levels of ____________ to violent juvenile delinquents and criminal offenses.
_______________ refers to a person's genetic makeup, while ________________ refers to a person's physical characteristics.
______________________________ is the study of universal patterns of behavior and cognitive processes that have evolved over time.
What sets humans apart from other animals is our larger __________________.
__________ is a demanding or threatening event or situation that is stimulus based.
__________________ is called the silent killer because it has no symptoms.
In ________ dreams, we can control the content of our dreams because we are aware we are dreaming.
A ______________ is the only mental health professional guaranteed prescribing privileges.
The principle of ______________________ explains why the left side of the brain receives and controls information from the right side of the body.
If the _________ is damaged, a person cannot build new memories, but memories prior to the damage remain intact.
The body's biological clock is located in the _________________.
_____________ is a sleep disorder that directly interferes with one's day to day functioning.
Episodes of narcolepsy are typically triggered by states of _________________.
_____________ is a loss of muscle tone or control that is often associated by narcolepsy.
Infants younger than _______________ are at high risk for SIDS.
12 months old
_____________________ refers to the minimum amount of stimulus energy required to be detected half of the time.
__________________ occurs when a drug user requires more and more of a given drug in order to experience the same effects of the drug.
Stimulants block the reuptake of ____________.
Treatment for substance abuse needs to be ________. (Family involved)
A stimulus that does not initially elicit a response in an organism is a(n) ________.
When a student is given detention for being late to class _______________ has occurred. Something has been added (positive) to decrease a behavior (punishment)
Getting a free flight for every $3000 spent on a credit card is an example of a ______________.
A mental shortcut in the form of a general problem-solving framework is called a ________. (Temporary fix)
___________________ involves relying on a false stereotype to make a decision.
In order for a test to be normed and standardized it must be tested on a ________.
The neurotransmitter ______________ is involved in remembering stressful events.
Recall is generally much better in ______ tasks than ______ tasks.
Tosha woke up in a hospital bed, confused, not knowing why she was there. Her mother explained to her what had happened, but Tosha didn't even know who her own mother was. This is an example of ____________________.
_______________________ is characterized of episodes of binge eating followed by attempts to compensate for the excessive amount of food that was consumed.
The _____________ sends signals out to the brain that create or shut off hunger.
The _______________________ theory states that our emotional response is determined by our appraisal of the stimuli.
In Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love, ____________ love possesses infatuation, commitment, and intimacy.
The ______________________________ states that "Smiling can make you happier, while frowning can make you sadder."
Facial feedback hypothesis
The __________________ theory of gender states that children essentially socialize themselves, organizing themselves and others behavior into categories.
"I cannot believe he made Tosha the project manager. There is no way I am taking orders from a woman" is and example of __________ sexism.
Sarah has to interview several candidates for a position at her law firm today. Her first candidate set the bar for the rest of the candidates, and by the end of the interviews, Sarah only remembers the first candidate due to the ______________.
____________ had 3 components: affective, behavioral, and cognitive.
A teacher tells her class that they have earned a surprise at the end of the week for their good behavior. She allows them to vote on what they want their surprise to be by raising their hands. She calls out "pizza party" and 3 students raise their hands. When she calls out "extra recess" 10 hands shoot up, followed by the previous 3 that wanted a pizza party. Due to the process of ____________ the 3 students changed their opinion to match that of the majority.
If group members modify their opinions to align with a perceived group consensus, then ________ has occurred.
Sabrina is staunchly against the slaughtering of animals and frequently posts on social media and attends protests for this cause. However, she is a consistent customer of her local fast food restaurants where she always orders meat. She tells herself "there is no point in wasting the one's already slaughtered," but still feels uneasy about it due to her thoughts and behaviors not being aligned. This is called _____________________.
The most common feature of all personality disorders is the _______________________________________.
Inability to accurately understand and be sensitive to the needs of others.
Freud believes that personality develops from a conflict between ______________ and _________________.
Innate drives/internal control
______________ is long-term, stable, and difficult to change.
Alex tells himself he received an F on his essay because the teacher does not like him. Alex has an __________________ of control.
__________ is the ability to delay gratification.
The concept that people choose to move to places that are compatible with their personalities and needs is known as ________.
What do the letters DSM stand for?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Joe hears someone narrating his life that is not really there. Joe is experiencing an ________________________.
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