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Exam 3 Chapter 7-American and Wyoming Government
Terms in this set (15)
for effective governance, when congress writes legislation addressing complex issues, members can't anticipate every problem or question that might arise, nor can Congress administer the thousands of programs that legislation creates so they rely on agencies
Why does Congress delegate power to agencies in the executive branch?
the division of labor; the key to its effectiveness is the coordination of experts performing complex tasks
What is the core concept of bureaucracy?
it establishes a coalition of supporters, some of whom will fight to keep it in place because they value consistency, predictability, and durability
How does creating a clientele enable a bureaucracy to remain in place?
the development of rules, regulations, and bureaucratic procedure to translate laws into action
adopted in 1966, gives ordinary citizens the right of access to agency files and data to determine whether those materials contain derogatory information about them and to learn about what the agency is doing in general
What is accomplished by the Freedom of Information Act?
How many main types of bureaucratic agencies are within the US federal government?
largest components of the executive branch, each of the 15 departments is headed by a Cabinet secretary, and departments encompass related agencies and bureaus (Department of Justice-more than 50 agencies including the FBI, Office of Tribal Justice, and US Parole Commission)
Describe the Cabinet Departments
agencies set up by Congress outside the Cabinet departments to provide specific public goods and services, such as protection of the environment or information from space exploration (EPA, NASA, CIA)
Describe independent agencies
government agencies that perform and charge for a market service, such as transporting rail passengers (Amtrak)
Describe government corporations
Agencies given broad discretion to make rule regulating a specific type of activity (Interstate Commerce Commission, Federal Communications Commission, Financial Stability Oversight Council)
What are the functions of an independent regulatory commissions?
a department, bureau, or independent agency whose primary mission is to make rules governing a particular type of activity (FDA, OSHA, APHIS)
the system of 12 federal reserve banks that facilitates exchanges of cash, checks, and credit; regulates member banks; and uses monetary policy to fight inflation and deflation in the US
What is the Federal Reserve System and what role does it play in policy making?
the effort by Congress through hearings, investigations, and other techniques to exercise the control over the activities of executive function
members of Congress give up their constitutionally designated roles and make themselves ineffective
What is the effect of Congress enacting vague statutes that allow bureaucrats broad discretion?
to reduce the cost of government
What is the aim of "privatization"?
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