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Arts and Humanities
Mesopotamia, Gilgamesh, and Hammurabi
Terms in this set (30)
a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods.
Importance/ role of rivers
Provided food and snitation
what did rivers prvoide
water, water to irrigate crops, sanitation
Problems with rivers
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
Importance/ effect of farming
People had food, now they could focus on other stuff such as eductaion and trade.
What other factors can determine the success of a civilization/ Examples.
the food they domesticated and the animals they tamed this all depends on the region they are in.
An area of rich soil in the Middle East, stretching from the Mediterranian Sea through Mesopotamia to the Persian Gulf
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
semetic group called amorights who developed Babylon Kingdom, conquered Sumer and Akkad, expanded to control water, Hammurabi greatest king
An Indo-European people who settled in Anatolia around 2000 B.C.
They are the next group to take over the Fertile Crescent after the Sargon.Their king was king Ashurbanipal.They were defeated by the Medes and the Chaldeans.
People who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
Ethnic group that settled in what is now Iran. The Persians were rivals for control of Mesopotamia with the Greeks, and later the Arabs.
Ancient Sumerian king, ruled 2700 BC. Credited with having been a demigod of superhuman strength who built a great city wall to defend his people from external threats. Influence of his epic stories are seen in the Hebrew story of the Great Flood.
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
-also had developed social classes
-Kings, landholders, and some priests made up the highest social class
-after that were wealthy merchants
-the lowest level were slaves
-Sumerian women could work as merchants, farmers, or artisans. They could not own property over their own name though
-Sumerian women had more rights than women in later civilizations
was poly theistic. thier gods were often cruel and unpredictable. you had to appease them thru rituals to avoid natural disasters. afterlife was terrible
-bronze out of copper and tin
-mathematics and astronomy
sumer social class structure
kings and preists
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
a city and its surrounding lands that act as a government
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
the special line of work you have adopted as your career
skilled workers who make goods by hand
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
belief in multiple Gods
5 themes of geography
Map of middle east
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