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PLTW DE Unit 1-2 Key Terms
Project Lead The Way: Digital Electronics Unit 1-2 Key Terms
Terms in this set (35)
A way of representing some physical quantity, such as temperature or velocity, by a proportional continuous voltage or current. An analog voltage or current can have any value within a defined range.
The instantaneous voltage of a waveform. Often used to mean maximum amplitude, or peak voltage, or a pulse.
The smallest particle of an element that still has the same characteristics as the element.
A circuit board for wiring temporary circuits, usually used for prototypes or laboratory work.
Any material that allows the free movement of electric changes, such as electrons, to provide an electric current.
The direction of current flow associated with positive charge in motion. The current flow direction is from a positive to negative potential, which is in the opposite direction of electron flow.
Digital signal in the form of a rectangular pulse train or a square wave.
A movement of electrical charges around a closed path or circuit.
A way of representing a physical quantity by a series of binary numbers. A digital representation can have only specific discrete values.
A series of logic 1s and 0s plotted as a function of time.
A piece of test equipment used to measure voltage, current, and resistance in an electronic circuit.
Duty Cycle (DC)
Fraction of the total period that a digital waveform is in the HIGH state. DC = th/T (often expressed as a percentage: %DC = th/Tx100%).
Basic particle of negative charge in orbit; around the nucleus in an atom.
Current of negative charges in motion. Direction is from the negative terminal of the voltage source, through the external, circuit, and returning to the positive side of the source. Opposite to the direction of conventional current.
The part of a pulse where the logic level is in transition from a HIGH to a LOW.
The number of cycles per unit time of a periodic waveform.
Unit of frequency. One hertz equals one cycle per second.
A material that does not allow current to flow when voltage is applied because of its high resistance.
Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL)
The algebraic sum of all currents into and out of any branch point in a circuit must equal zero.
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL)
The algebraic sum of all voltages around any closed path must equal zero.
The higher of two voltages in a digital system with two logic levels.
The lower of two voltages in a digital system with two logic levels.
The massive, stable part of the atom that contains both protons and neutrons.
Unit of resistance. Value of one ohm allow current of one ampere with potential difference of one volt.
In electric circuits, I=V/R.
A piece of test equipment used to view and measure a variety of different waveforms.
One that has two or more branches for separate current from one voltage source.
The amount of time required for one complete cycle of a periodic event or waveform.
Particle with positive charge in the nucleus of an atom.
Testing design function by specifying a set of inputs and observing the resultant outputs. Simulation is generally shown as a series of input and output waveforms.
Opposition to current. Unit is the ohm.
One that has only one path current.
One in which amplitude varies in proportion to the sine function of an angle.
An almost instantaneous rise and decay of voltage or current in a periodic pattern with time and with a constant peak value.
TTL-compatible IC that can be wired to operate in several different modes, such as a one-shot and an astable multivibrator.
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