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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
19, 20, 21 Test
Terms in this set (54)
This was the location of the first shot in the Civil War
Fort Sumter, SC
19- This "Bleeding" territory featured much dispute over slavery
This group of states stayed loyal to the union because of Lincolns promise that the number one objective was its preservation
Border States of MO, KY, MD, DE, WV
Lincoln wanted him to commnd the Union Armies, but he was a confederate leadewr due to his loyalty to VA
Robert E Lee
Where were Confederate ships such as the Alabama being built
Lincoln suspended this in order to easily arrest people who were against the Union
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Why were there riots in places such as New York City after the war had begun
Economic stresses in the North, such as increased tariffs and taxes, income tax
19-Often called the "little giant" the northern democrats ran him for president in 1860
19-He won the 1860 presidential election
19-He was chosen to President of the new Confederate States of America
She was a nurse and founder of the American Red Cross
This invention allowed the making of clothes, particularly uniforms, to be made by women in their homes as well as factories
This region was one big farm but without factories to sustain an economy
The south and southern farm territories
This country exerted influence in Mexico during the Civil War, in violation of the Monroe Doctrine, in hopes that the US would be too preoccupied to notice
19- This leading abolitionist from MA spoke insultingly about a South Caroline senator who then beat him unconscious on the Senate Floor
Senator Charles Sumner
19-He engaged in several debates against Stephen Douglas, ultimatley losing against him for a senate seat
19-This case verified the notion epoused by many southerners that slaves were personal property
Dred Scott vs Stanford
19-The Democratic presidential candidate in 1856, who ultimately won the election
19- He was a militant abolitionist who was eventually convicted of treason
19- What famous book did Harriet Beecher Stowe write
Uncle Toms Cabin
At this first major battle of the Civil War, onlookers brought picnics:
Battle of Bull Run
He was hired by Lincoln to direct the army in the Potomac Region:
General George McClellan
The battle between the Merrimack and the Monitor signaled the end of the wooden ship era and the beginning of this naval era:
Metal Ship Era - Ships plated their sides with iron railroad rails.
General Lee experienced great hardship when this military leader died at Chancellorsville:
This two minute speech was given by Lincoln at the dedication of a military ceremony:
The Gettysburg Address
This political party became very fractured during the war, and they decided to run McClellan for President in 1864:
This happened at Appomattox Courthouse:
General Lee surrendered to General Grant, basically ending the Civil War.
What did John Wilkes Booth do on April 14th, 1865?
He killed President Lincoln at Ford's Theater.
This document freed the slaves in the confederate territories, but could not be enforced until war's end:
The Emancipation Proclamation
This bloody battle in Maryland led to Lincoln firing a military leader despite the North holding the South back from any further advance:
Battle of Antietam
jep-She wrote uncles tom cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
jep-He was the democrat running against lincoln in 1864
jep-Lincoln ditched the republican label for the 1864 election and merged with pro-war democrats to adopt this temporary label
The union party
jep-He was lincolns running mate in 1864
jep-This place was considered to be bleeding over violent disagreements over slavery
jep-This was the end of John Brown
jep-The confederacy waited until this point to enlist slaves into their army
one month before the war ended
jep-South Caroline left the union after his election
jep-This supreme court decision declared the plantiff wasnt a citizen and could not in sue court
The Dred Scott decision (Dred Scott vs Stanford)
jep-This is the act of states leaving the union
jep-This was the state of the norhtern economy as a result of the war
better than ever (southern was in shambles)
jep-This earl battle of the civil wae where onlookers brought picnics made the the north realize they have a long war ahead
jep-Collection of slave states that stayed in the union
jep-This was the eventual capital of the confederacy
jep-This party embraced navitism(anti-immigration) and sometimes refereed to as the american party
the know nothing party
jep-This battle showed the south that their cause was doomed
jep-This legally abolished slavery everywhere
The 13th amendment
jep-These were teh two major battles fought on union soil
Antietam and Gettysburg
jep-First capital of the confederacy
jep-This is where the first shots of the war were fired
John Brown: fanatical abolitionist who, in May of 1856, hacked to death 5 presumed pro-slavery men at Pottawatomie Creek in response to the pro-slavery events in Lawrence.
Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of a state and its government are created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives, who are the source of all political power.
The Kansas and Nebraska territories had popular sovereignty in choosing slavery, according to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Nebraska was so far north that its future as a free state was never in question.
-became a colonel in the Union volunteer army.
-His first victory was when he captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February 1862.
-He next planned to capture a line of railroads in the Mississippi Valley in Corinth.
-His plan was foiled when he was defeated by a Confederate force at the Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862.
- was given command of the Union forces attacking Vicksburg
Ulysses S. Grant
Final war strategy of the Union
but Grant's strategy of losing two Union men to one Confederate man worked.
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