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(5) Settlement of the West and Development of the late 19th and 20th Centuries

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Plessy v. Ferguson
This was a U.S. Supreme Court decision that established the legality of racial segregation so long as facilities were "separate but equal."
Agrarian
Society based on farming.
Andrew Carnegie
This Scottish-born American industrialist made his fortune in the steel industry.
Antitrust
These are laws and regulations designed to protect trade and commerce from unfair business practices.
Atlanta Compromise
This was the classic statement on race relations by Booker T. Washington, made in a speech at the Atlanta Exposition (1895). He asserted that vocational education, which gave blacks a chance for economic security, was more valuable than social equality or political office.
Booker T. Washington
This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.
Buffalo Soldiers
This is the nickname given to black soldiers with the U.S. Cavalry who helped to spread the U.S. westward in the decades following the Civil War.
Chinese Exclusion Act
This law, passed in 1882, forbade any laborers from China to enter the United States for 10 years.
Communication Revolution
New technologies that helped spur and contribute to the westward expansion and Industrial Revolution.
Conservation Movement
This was an American invention of John Audubon and others who wished to protect natural habitat from man in the 19th century. They lobbied consistently for parks and human exclusion from the wild.
Eighteenth
This amendment prohibited the sale and use of alcoholic beverages.
Federal Reserve
This is the central banking authority in the United States, which supervises commercial banks by monitoring accounts and controlling interest rates.
George Custer
U.S. Cavalry General whose unwise and reckless conduct got him and over 200 soldier of the Seventh Cavalry killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn
Ghost Dance
A Native American movement in the 1890s that believed a ritualistic ceremony would result in the reanimation of Indian dead and the defeat of the white invaders into the West.
Gospel of Wealth
This was the hypothesis that wealth was the great end and aim of man, the one thing needful.
Grangers
This was a group of American farmers who united in the late 19th century to lobby Congress to pass laws protecting them from unfair business practices of large industry.
Horatio Alger
This was a United States author of inspirational adventure stories for boys; virtue and hard work overcome poverty.
Industrial Revolution
This was a series of economic & mechanical changes of Western Europe in the 18th - 20th centuries.
Jane Addams
She was a founder of Hull House, a settlement house that helped immigrants of the late 19th century become acclimated to life in the United States, and was a pioneer in the field of social work.
John D. Rockefeller
The New York industrialist who made hundreds of millions of dollars in the 19th century with this Standard Oil Company and pioneered the corporate strategy of vertical integration.
Labor Union
This is an organization of workers that negotiates with employers for better pay, benefits, and working conditions.
Laissez-faire
French term which means allow to do, the philosophy that government should stay out of the market
Monopoly
This is a when one company controls the market for a certain product, there is no competition.
Muckrakers
This group of authors and journalists wrote of horrible working conditions in American industry in the early 20th century, resulting in more governmental protection of workers.
NAACP
This is the oldest and largest U.S. civil rights organization. Members of this have referred to it as The National Association.
nativism
In the late 19th century, this political and social movement swept through the United States, its followers believing that all people who were not born in the U.S. and were of European heritage should be banned from the country.
Niagara Movement
This was an organization of black intellectuals led by W.E.B. Du Bois calling for full political, civil, and social rights for black Americans.
Nineteenth
This amendment gave women the right to vote.
Populist
This was the movement that advocated state control of railroads and currency expansion.
Progressive Movement
This was a political reform movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to protect working class citizens.
Robber Barons
American capitalists of the latter part of the 19th century who became wealthy through exploitation (as of natural resources, governmental influence, or low wage scales).
Seventeenth
This amendment provided for the direct election of U.S. senators.
Sixteenth
This amendment made personal income tax permanent..
Social Darwinism
This was the theory that people are subject to natural selection and wealth was a sign of superiority.
Theodore Roosevelt
This was a 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama canal was built during his administration; said `Speak softly but carry a big stick` (1858-1919). He was considered by many to be the nation's first conservation President.
Thomas Edison
Known as the "Wizard of Menlo Park," he is famous for his hundred of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb, phonograph, the Dictaphone, and hundreds of others.
Urbanization
This is a rise in a society's city population.
Woodrow Wilson
28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924).