34 terms

SocialStudies_Shihabi_RomanEmpire

STUDY
PLAY
literacy
ability to read and write
corruption
How Rome collapsed
economy
system in which people produce, sell and buy goods and services
mosaic
pictures made of glass
commerce
buying and selling of goods in large amounts over long distances
inflation
rapidly increasing prices
republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
legacy
what a person leaves behind when he or she dies
persecution
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs
icon/iconoclasts
a breaker of destroyer of images/icons
schism
division; split
Hagia Sophia
huge church built by Justinian; religious center of the Byzantine Empire;means holy wisdom
Byzantine Empire
Eastern half of Roman Empire; led by Justinian
patriarch
title for the heads of the Eastern or Byzantine empire
regent
person who stands in for a ruler who is too young or too ill to govern
reform
political changes to make things better
barter
to trade without using money
decline
to be neglected
excommunication
expelling someone from the Church
pope
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
orthodox
adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion; Eastern Catholic church
strait
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
corpis juris civilis
Justinian law
Constantinople
modern day Istanbul
Diocletian
general that became emperor; introduced reforms
Constantine
first Roman emperor to become a Christian; aided the economy (sons did the same work as their fathers); moved capital from Rome to Byzantium
Theodosius
Emperor after Constantine died; divided empire it two - Western Roman Empire (capital Rome) and Eastern Roman Empire (Capital Constantinople)
Justinian
Byzantine Emperor; controlled military, made laws and was supreme judge; strong leader
Alaric
Visogoth leader that captured Rome
Odoacer
took control by overhtrowing a 14 year old boy (Romulus Augustus); no emperor ever again ruled from Rome; end of Western Roman Empire
Theodora
Justinian's wife; helped rule empire; increased rigths of women
Belisarius
general under Justinian; strengthened and led the Byzantine army; developed cavalry (soldiers on horses)
Tribonian
legal scholar chosen to reform law code
Western Roman Empire
capital was Rome; overthrown by Germanic people