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15 Question Study Guide
Terms in this set (15)
The idea that governments should not be involved in religious affairs is called..
The separation of church and state.
In the 1800s, the political reason for anti-Catholicism was that...
Protestants feared Catholics would be more loyal to the Pope than to the nation.
Rather than following religious doctrines, Transcendentalists believed that people should...
listen to nature and to their consciences to learn the truth.
A key reason Noah Webster's The American Spelling Book gained such popularity was that it....
emphasized America's cultural independence from England.
Among Dorothea Dix's accomplishments was the creation of what...
the creation of the first modern mental hospitals.
How did the common-school movement change education in the United States?
It created a national public school system.
During the second Industrial Revolution, immigration was necessary to...
provide needed labor.
The most significant reason railroads encouraged industrial growth was...
the efficient transportation of raw materials and finished goods.
Of the three key elements needed to promote industry, the South lacked...
two: an educated labor force and capital investment.
Why did the South's dependence on a single cash crop after the Civil War hurt the region's economy?
There was little investment in industries other than agriculture.
Social Darwinism equated being "fit" with...
being financially successful.
Why did the federal government attempt to put limits on corporations' powers?
to attempt to protect consumers and competitive practices
The AFL differed from the Knights of Labor in that...
the AFL did not advocate for broad social change.
Child labor laws were passed in response to...
children's health issues and lack of school attendance.
Labor unions generally formed because of...
workers' efforts to improve working conditions and increase wages.
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