What did the Federalist Papers support?
The Articles of Confederation
The Bill of RightsThe ConstitutionChp 7
The first state to approve the constitution
New YorkDelawareChp 7
The opening phrase of the Constitution, "We, the people," means that the Constitution gets its power from the
How did Shay's Rebellion encourage a plan to revise the Articles of Confederation?
-It made people worry about how a weak central government might respond to future rebellions
-It encouraged farmers to ask state governments for economic relief
-It gave members of the rebellion more political power-It made people worry about how a weak central government might respond to future rebellionsChp 7
What did most state constitutions have that the original United States Constitution did not have?
Bill of rights
the power to make lawsBill of rightsChp 7
The passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 meant that
-Groups of townships could ask to become states
-The United States was now claiming territory that was also claimed by Great Britain
-Settlers and investors could buy formerly public lands-Settlers and investors could buy formerly public landsChp 7
What solved the conflict between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
The Articles of Confederation
The Great Compromise
The Bill of RightsThe Great CompromiseChp 7
Why did the smaller states favor the New Jersey Plan?
-It offered a two house legislature
-It called for equal representation
-It made slavery illegalIt called for equal representationChp 7
In the Great Compromise, what part of the enslaved people in a state were included when determining representation in Congress?
three fifththree fifthChp 7
Who became the first president of the United States?
George WashingtonGeorge WashingtonChp 8
An example to be followed by others in the future
The first chief justice of the Supreme Court
John JayJohn JayChp 8
What was the first capital of the United States?
New YorkNew YorkChp 8
What is the swearing in of the President?
A certificate that promises to repay money loaned plus interest
A tax on imported goods *
In 1789, the United States was about __________ its current size *
The actions of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other leaders of the United States were important because they helped determine how the __________ would work
FactionsFederal GovernmentChp 8
What was set up in 1791 to issue paper money and make loans to farmers and businesses?
Bank of the United States
SpeculatorsBank of the United StatesChp 8
What is NOT a challenge that George Washington faced during the beginning of his presidency?
Organizing a new government
Plan to repay war debt
Relocation to Washington DCRelocation to Washington DCChp 8
What marked the first time that the government sent troops to fight American citizens?
The tariff rebellion
The whiskey rebellion
The second inaugurationThe whiskey rebellionChp 8
Who was not in a faction?
Alexander HamiltonGeorge WashingtonChp 8
Who was the first secretary of the treasury?
Alexander HamiltonAlexander HamiltonChp 8
Who was one of the first leaders of the Republican Party?
George WashingtonThomas JeffersonChp 8
Who disagreed with Thomas Jefferson on many issues, such as the National Bank?
Abraham LincolnAlexander HamiltonChp 8
Who was elected President in 1796?
John AdamsJohn AdamsChp 8
Which did Republicans NOT oppose?
Strong state government
Protective tariffStrong state governmentChp 8
John Adams was a?
In 1796, who became the second vice president?
Alexander HamiltonThomas JeffersonChp 8
Who are people that invest in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit?
What General defeated Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
Chris PaulAnthony WayneChp 8
It was difficult for the United States to stay __________ when other countries were at war.
The British seized sailors from American boats and forced them to serve in the British navy, a practice called ___________.
Who negotiated a treaty with Great Britain to avoid war?
John JayJohn JayChp 8
George Washington set a precedent by sending _________ to put down the Whiskey Rebellion.
Members of the _____________Party supported the Jay Treaty.
Republicans tended to be more supportive of ___________, while Federalists supported Britain.
In his farewell address, George Washington warned against the dangers of political ______________.
Was NOT a part of the JayTreaty?
-Stop Britain's impressment of US sailors
-Make Britain pay for the ships that it had seized
-Make Britain withdraw troops from the Northwest TerritoryStop Britain's impressment of US sailorsChp 8
How was the French Revolution similar to the US Revolution?
-They were both fighting a monarchy
-They were allies in each Revolution
-Britain owned both countries at the time-They were both fighting a monarchyChp 8
A person from another country
What is it called when a state tries to overrule a federal law?
Any activity designed to overthrow a government
The idea that the union was an agreement between the states and that they therefore can overrule federal laws.
States' DecisionStates' RightsChp 8
French agents tried to get bribes from the United States and caused a scandal known as _________
The Alien and Sedition Acts
The XYZ Affair
War FeverThe XYZ AffairChp 8
John Adams helped the United States avoid war with ________________ in 1800
During the troubles with France, _____________ in Congress passed laws to limit immigration and restrict free speech
The debate over states' rights had been going on since the writing of the _____________
Declaration of Independence
Alien and Sedition ActConstitutionChp 8
The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions strengthened the argument for what?
A stronger federal government
States' rightsStates' rightsChp 8
Who wrote the Virginia Resolution?
Anthony WayneJames Madison