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11 terms

Natural Selection and Evolution

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Lamarck
French Scientist that believed aquired characteristics affected genes
Darwin
English naturalist who was famous for his work in evolution. Author of "On the Origin of Species"
Origin of Species
Book written by Darwin that promoted evolution.
Acquired Characteristics
Characteristics not passed down in genes
Genes
a unit for heredity that is passed from parent to offspring
Mutations
a sudden change in an offsprings genetics which can positively or negatively affect the organism
Genetic Variation
differences in inherited traits within a species
Evolution
the process by which organisms have developed and diversified over many generations
Natural Selection
The idea that organisms better adapted to their enviroment will survive to reproduce. The main process that affects evolution.
Fitness
The likelihood that an organism will produce offsprings that will also survive to reproduce.
Galapagos Islands
The locations where Darwin observed the effect of natural selection on finches.