a set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are used for communication
the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by members of a society
the variant of a language that a country's political and intellectual elite seek to promote as the norm for use in schools, government, the media, and other aspects of public life
local or regional characteristics of a language
a line that separates dialects
the ability of two people to understand each other while speaking
a set of contiguous dialects in which the dialects nearest to each other at any place in the chain are most closely related
languages which share a fairly distant origin
divisions within a language family where the commonalities are more definite and the origin is more recent
slight change in a word across languages within a subfamily or through a language family from the present backward toward its origin
the tracking of sound shifts and hardening of consonants backward toward the original language
linguistic hypothesis proposing the existence of an ancestral Indo-European Language that is the hearth of the ancient Latin Greek and Sanskrit languages
a language no longer used
process by which an extinct language is recreated
believed to be the root of Proto-Indo-European as well as Kartvelian
new languages are formed
languages form together into one
three areas in and near the first agricultural hearth, gave rise to three language families: Indo-European, Arabic Languages, and mid-eastern languages
Proto-Indo-European west of the horseback of the fertile cresent
Proto-Indo-Europeans were first crried eastward into southwest asia
languages based on roman
languages based on german
languages based on slovakian
a mixture of Italian French Greek Spanish and Arabic
when parts of two or more languages come together to form a simplified structure and vocabulary
a mixture of languages
a state that uses one language
a state that uses many languages
the promoted language of a region
language used commonly around the world
uniqueness of a location
the ability to know something about a place by its name
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