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BOLD 2010 Final Exam 2021
Terms in this set (105)
What is the origin of the term "Old Testament"?
Melito of Sardis
Jews refer to their Scriptures by which of the following designations?
(all of these)
Which of the following movements rejected the Old Testament in its entirety along with certain portions of the New Testament that were deemed too influenced by or too favorably disposed to the Old Testament?
Which of the following movements argues that the Old Testament has been replaced by the New Testament and now only serves as historical background to the New Testament?
Which of the following has an Old Testament consisting of 57 books?
Which of the following has an OT consisting of 24 books
True or False:
The Protestant Old Testament contains 15 more books than the Hebrew Bible because Protestants include the Apocrypha in their canon while Jews do not.
The structure of Gen 1-11 appears to follow that of which other ANE text?
Which of the following genres does the Pentateuch as a whole best fit?
national hero/ancestor epic
which of the following books doesn't have Sinai as a location for part of its narrative?
Which of the following books has Sinai as its only location?
Which creation account narrates the creation of humanity BEFORE the creation of land animals?
The second (Gen 2:4-25)
Which creation account emphasizes that God created everything out of nothing by starting with nothing but God in existence?
Which creation account begins with the creation of light?
The first (Gen 1:1-2:3)
Which creation account attributes creation exclusively to the God of Israel?
Which creation account narrates the creation of woman from the side or rib of the man?
the second (Gen 2:4-25)
In Hebrew, "Adam" means what?
In Hebrew, "Eve" means what?
In which of the following ways does the story of Adam and Eve parallel the story of Israel?
all of theseboth inhabited a special land where they lived with God
both were expelled from their special land for breaking the law
both were given a law to keep
Ancient Israelites would have associated the serpent in Genesis 3 with which of the following? Mark all that apply.
Wisdom and chaos
The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil is best understood as representing what?
the desire for omniscience
Throughout Gen 1-11 humanity appears to be migrating in what direction?
What is the significance of humanity's migration in Gen 1-11?
a movement away from God
The flood account in Genesis represented what to ancient Israel and foreshadowed what event in Israel's history?
destruction of cosmic temple/destruction of Solomon's temple
The Tower of Babel is most likely an example of what common ancient Near Eastern structure?
Which of the following words best sums up the story of Abraham (aka the Terah Toledoth)?
Which of the following words best sums up the Jacob story (aka the Isaac Toledoth)?
Which of the following words best sums up the Joseph story (aka the Jacob Toledoth)?
Which of the following receives a genealogy only in Genesis instead of a story?
All of theseEsau
"toledoth" refers to
all of these
a family history
a structural divide for Gen.
Sarah was buried in
Cave of Machpelah
Jacob's name means
The brother of Joseph who plays the most significant role in the Joseph story is which of the following?
The book of Gen. is divided into 5 units called
Pharaoh's first attempt to control Israel's population growth in exodus was
Pharaoh's second attempt to control Israel's population growth in Exodus was
infanticide of male newborns
Pharaoh's third attempt to control Israel's population growth in exodus was
drowning babies in the Nile
Pharaoh's responses to Israel's population growth in Exodus 1 is reminiscent of which of the following ANE accounts?
The term used for the basket in which Moses' mother, Yocheved, placed him to save him from drowning in the Nile (tevah) corresponds to
The story of Moses birth in Exodus 2 corresponds closely to which of the following ancient Near Eastern accounts?
Sargon Birth legend
The burning bush symbolizes which of the following?
(all of these)
the aseity of God
a visual rep. of the name YHWH
According to Dr. Youngblood, God's self-designation revealed at the burning bush, I AM, is most likely intended to communicate which of the following?
God's abiding presence with Moses and Israel
The term "tetragrammaton" means what in latin?
The term "tetragrammaton" is used in reference to which of the following?
the divine name, YHWH
When the word "LORD" is written in all caps in our English Bibles, it's signaling
a translation of the divine name YHWH which Jews would not pronounce, replacing it with Adonay (Lord)
By what action did Zipporah, Moses' wife, prevent YHWH's killing Moses upon their departure from Midian?
circumcising their son
What was the name of Moses' son who was somehow involved in the action Zipporah took to prevent YHWH's killing Moses?
YHWH first identifies himself explicitly as Father in
By identifying Israel as his "firstborn son" YHWH is indicating which of the following?
all of theseYHWH's paternal love for protectiveness of Israel
the severity of Pharaoh's offense in oppressing Israel
the fact that Israel is destined to inherit YHWH's estate
The first plague in which YHWH turned the water of the Nile into blood was payback for what?
the drowning of Hebrew babies in the Nile
the term "lex talionis" means which of the following?
the punishment fits the crime
the 9th plague in which YHWH darkened the sun in the middle of the day was an attack against which Egyptian deity?
Which of the following was believed by the Egyptians to be the offspring of Amun-Re?
the ten words, aka ten commandments, closely correspond to
all of these:
instruction of shuruppak
prohibitions in covenant/treaty stipulations
The two tablets on which the Ten Words (aka Ten Commandments) were written contained which of the following?
each tablet contained ALL of the sayings/commandments and were thus duplicates
Which of the following passages offers God's resting on the seventh day of creation as the rationale for the Sabbath?
Which of the following passages offers Israel's experience of slavery in Egypt as the rationale for the Sabbath?
The first four of the Ten Sayings (aka Ten Commandments) focus entirely on what?
our relationship with YHWH
The last six of the Ten Sayings (aka Ten Commandments) focus primarily on what?
our relationship with our neighbor
The book of Exodus concludes with which of the following events?
YHWH's taking up residence in the completed tabernacle
The final event recorded in the Book of Exodus is a fulfillment or realization of what earlier event?
the burning bush
The first nine chapters of Leviticus dealing with the sacrificial system and the ordination of Aaron and his sons as priests corresponds to what?
the tabernacle's outer court
The narrative regarding the tragic deaths of Nadab and Abihu after they offered strange fire on YHWH's altar corresponds to what?
the veil separating the tabernacle's outer court from the holy place
the book of Numbers has a different name which is
In the Wilderness (Bammidbar)
The book of Numbers consists of five sections two of which are focused on which of the following?
Israel's travel itinerary in the wilderness
The book of Numbers consists of five sections three of which are focused on which of the following?
According to the book of Deuteronomy, the key to survival in the Canaanite culture is what?
why was Moses' grave left unmarked
to prevent the creation of a shrine for a cult of the dead
What is the Merneptah Stele? What is its date? What is its importance to the history of Israel?
An inscription by the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Merneptah. Dated in 1208 BC. It is the first extra-Biblical reference to ancient Israel
What are the four sections of the book of Joshua and what are the themes of each?
1: Entering the Land 2: Conquering the Land 3: Dividing the Land 4: Serving God in the Land
What is kherem warfare? Where do we see this kind of warfare on display in the OT?
complete destruction; Joshua
What significant themes conclude the book of Joshua in chapters 23 and 24?
Claim the promise for now and future (God will drive out remaining inhabitants if you will trust him); Don't intermingle with the Canaanites
What are the most popular models explaining Israel's emergence in Canaan? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? Which one best explains both the biblical and the archeological evidence?
Invasion Model: Difficulty aligning archeological evidence with the biblical geography and chronology, Doesn't explain continuity of Canaanite and Israelite cultures.
Migration/Peaceful Infiltration Model: Doesn't explain continuity of Canaanite and Israelite culturesPeasant Revolt Model: Doesn't explain the location of earliest Israelite settlements
Symbiosis/Gradual Differentiation Model: Nomads, Apiru, Shasu, & rebel peasants abandon urban culture and establish settlements as counterculture, Doesn't explain sudden disappearance of pig bones after start of Iron Age
Ethnogenesis Model: Establishes Israel's distinctive ethnicity through ethnic markers and notes move toward urbanization.
What is unique about the structure of the Book of Judges? How does this help us understand the book?
There are 2 prologues and 2 epilogues. Because of the graphic content in Judges, the readers need to be prepared for it and also they needed to be debriefed about it at the end
What is the theme of Judges?
YHWH patiently and graciously bears with Israel through repeated cycles of apostasy as she rejects his kingship in preference for worldly models of power; YHWH disciplines his people through powerful enemies and delivers them by means of a series of atypical, unlikely, and increasingly flawed heroes; Meanwhile, Israel degenerates into a chaotic, Canaan-like culture.
How do women function in Judges?
They function as a barometer. If the women are being treated well, Israel is close to God. If they are being treated poorly, Israel is far from God
How is Judges related to Saul's reign and David's reign?
The Book of Judges has a narrative about the tribe of Benjamin and the tribe of Judah. Benjamin is painted in a bad light, and that is the tribe that Saul is from. Judah is painted in a good light, and that is the tribe that David is from.
What is the function of the book of ruth in the OT story? How is it related to the reigns of Saul and David?
The book of Ruth shows that even a non-Israelite can enter into God's promise. It also legitimizes David's reign in the face of Saulide opposition
What is the function of the book of Esther in the OT story? What is unique about this story?
The book of Esther shows that even if God is unseen, He is still working. This is the only book in the entire Bible where the divine name is never mentioned
Who were Eli, Hophni, and Phinehas? What was their function in 1 Samuel?
Eli was the high priest and Hophni and Phinehas were his sons. They serve as examples of God removing those who abuse their power.
Who were Elkanah, Hannan, Peninah, and Samuel? What is their function in 1 Samuel?
Elkanah is the husband of Hannah and Peninnah and the father of Samuel. Hannah couldn't have any children but Peninnah could. So Hannah prayed earnestly to God for a son and He gave her Samuel. She dedicated Samuel to the temple and he became the next prophet in Israel.
What is height symbolism and how does it function in 1 Samuel?
Height symbolized power and arrogance, but God turned it upside down by putting the shorter David over Saul and having David kill Goliath.
Why was Saul rejected as king over Israel?
Saul didn't have the Spirit on him permanently like David did.
What role does Hannah's song play in 1 & 2 Samuel? What is its relationship to Mary's Magnificat?
Hannah's song predicts the anointing of a King of Israel. There are many similarities between Hannah's song and Mary's Magnificat
What deity did the Philistine's worship? What happened when the Philistines capture the Ark of the Covenant and placed it in their deity's temple?
Dagon; The statue of Dagon fell in front of the Ark and it's head and hands were cut off
How does David imitate the Ark of the Covenant in 1 Samuel?
God's "battle" with Dagon is similar to David's battle with Goliath, and God being in enemy territory is similar to David being in enemy territory in 1 Samuel 27
What details events or stories does 1&2 Chronicles omit that Samuel-Kings includes? What's the significance of these omissions?
1. David's sin with Bathsheba is not mentioned in Chronicles; his faults aren't mentioned at all (when God forgives, he never mentions it again)
2.Northern Kings not covered in CHRN (CHRN almost exclusively focused on Davidic dynasty)
What details, events, or stories does 1 & 2 Chronicles include that Samuel-Kings does not? What is the significance of these additions?
1. Rehoboam's repentance is illustrated in CHRN but not KNGS (He humbles himself; illustrates God's power)
Who was Cyrus and what did he do?
King of Persia, allowed captured Israelites to go back and rebuild the Temple and continue their culture
What significant event(s) occurred on the following dates?
a. 722 BC
b. 586 BC
c. 539 BC
a. 722BC: fall of N Israel (Israel conquered by Assyrians
b:586BC: destruction of Jerusalem & conquering of Judah by the Babylonians
c. 539BC: Persia replaces Babylon as hegemonic power of ANE (fall of Babylon)
1 Chron 1-8 consists of what? What is the significance of these chapters?
Genealogical records establishing Israel's identity and emphasizing Davidic and Levitical lines; it's a testimony to YHWH's faithfulness to the Abrahamic promise
What are the main characteristics of the Secondary History (1 Chronicles - Nehemiah)?
final form betrays post-exillic outlook
Occupied with the question: "WHAT NOW?"
focused on reestablishing post-exillic community's identity amidst disputed identities and identity crises: "who is the true Israel?"
projecting hope for a better future
cultic perspective with a strong focus on the centrality of the temple for Israel's identity and relationship to YHWH
What are the main characteristics of the Primary History (Genesis - 2 Kings)?
final form betrays exilic outlook
preoccupied with the question of "WHY?" the exile occurred
strong elements of the theodicy
What is the Davidic Covenant? Where is it found in the OT? What is its relationship to the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants?
It is the foundation of proving David is the rightful king of Israel. It is found in 2 Samuel 7. It is related to the Abrahamic covenant because God promised Abraham that kings would be in his line. Many of the elements of the Abrahamic covenant are repeated in the Davidic covenant. The Davidic covenant is a supplement to the Mosaic covenant.
What does the word "house" refer to or mean in the Davidic Covenant?
David uses "house" to mean the Temple, but God uses "house" to refer to David's dynasty.
What is the Mesha Inscription and how is it related to 1 & 2 Samuel?
An archeologist translated a part of the Mesha Inscription to mean "house of David" which proves the existence of a historical David.
What is the Tel Dan Inscription and how is it related to 1 & 2 Samuel?
The Tel-Dan inscription is an inscription dated between 870 BC-750 BC and it also mentions the "house of David" which further proves the existence of a historical David
What is the significance of Eilat Mazar's archeological excavations in Jerusalem?
He found the remains of a palace in Jerusalem.
Who was Adonijah and what role did he play in 1 Kings?
He was the fourth son of David and he assumed he was going to inherit the throne because all of his older brothers had died. But Solomon actually became king. Solomon then had him killed for a lack of respect (impertinence)
During whose reign was Jericho rebuilt? What is the significance of Jericho's being rebuilt?
The reign of king Ahab; it signified the return of Canaanite culture into Israel
What policy of King Ahab did Elijah the Prophet most consistently and vehemently challenge?
His worship of Baal (?)
What is significant about 2 Kings 17? What role does it play in 1 & 2 Kings?
2 Kings 17 lists the reasons as to why Northern Israel was exiled.
Who was Manasseh and what role does he play in 2 Kings?
Mannasseh was the villain of 2 Kings. He was fully blamed for the exile of Judah in 586 BC
Who was Josiah and what role does he play in 2 Kings?
He made some religious reforms but they were not enough to save Judah from exile.
Which kings in Judah attempted religious reforms to realign the people with YHWH and the covenant?
King Hezzekiah and King Josiah
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