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Vocabulary Chapter 7 and 8

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Harun Al-rashid
most famous of Abbassid Caliphs; renowned for costly living; death led to civil wars' over succession
Buyids
Regional splinter dynasty of the mid-10th century; invaded and captured Baghdad; ruled abbassid dynasty under the name of sultan; abbassids were their figureheads
Seljuk Turks
nomadic invaders from central asia via persia
Crusades
series of military adventures intitially launched by western christians to free holy land from Muslims
Saladin
Muslim leader in the last decades of the 12th century; reconquered moste crusader out-posts for Islam
Rubaiyat
persian poetry consisting of 4 quatrains
Sa'di
Wrote many books and studied the Quran and Islamic law intently
Ulama
orthodox religious scholors within islam
Al-Ghazali
Brilliant islamic theologian; struggled to fuse Greek and Quranic traditions; not entirely accepted by Ulama
Sufis
mystics within islam; responsible for expansion of Islam to SE asia
Mongols
Central Asia nomadic peoples
Arabic numerals
Characters 0-9 in general european use since 12th century
Harsha
Emporer of Northern India; Buddhist convert in Hindu Era
Sati
Buddhist word meaning awareness or skillfull attentivness
Bhaktic cults
hindu groups dedicated to gods and goddesses
Malacca
portuguese factory or fortified trade town located on the tip of malayan peninsula
Maghrib
the arabic word for western north africa
Ethiopia
christian kingdom thta developed in highlands of eastern africa under the dynasty of king lalaibela
Sahel
the extensive grassland belt at the southern edge of the sahara
Mansa Krankan Musa
emperor of Mali during the 14th century
Griots
professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within Mali empire
Timbuktu
port city of mali
Zani
a gift from God :)
East africa trading Post
trading post in east africa
Ibn Batuta
Arabic traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records