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most famous of Abbassid Caliphs; renowned for costly living; death led to civil wars' over succession
Regional splinter dynasty of the mid-10th century; invaded and captured Baghdad; ruled abbassid dynasty under the name of sultan; abbassids were their figureheads
series of military adventures intitially launched by western christians to free holy land from Muslims
Muslim leader in the last decades of the 12th century; reconquered moste crusader out-posts for Islam
Brilliant islamic theologian; struggled to fuse Greek and Quranic traditions; not entirely accepted by Ulama
christian kingdom thta developed in highlands of eastern africa under the dynasty of king lalaibela
professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within Mali empire
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