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32 terms

chapter 6 vocab

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mesoamerica
Mexico and Central America
maize
a type of corn
olmecs
(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.
stela
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
valley of mexico
a fertile valley between two mountain chains in central Mexico
tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
ingenious
showing inventiveness and skill
chinampas
floating islands of land anchored to a lake bottom used for agriculture. This technique was used by the Aztecs.
tribute
payment from conquered people
teotihuacan
A powerful city-state in central Mexico (100-75 C.E.). Its population was about 150,000 at its peak in 600.
chavin
A culture that thrived in the Andean region from 900 B.C. to 200 B.C.
moche
a civilization that flourished on what is now the northern coast of Peru from about A.D. 100 to 700.
adobe
A brick or building material made of sun-dried earth and straw.
nazca
a civilization that flourished on what is now the sourthern coast of Peru from about 200 B.C. to A.D. 600.
huari
a city that controlled much of Peru's mountain and coastal areas
tiahuanaco
a culture that thrived in the Andean region from about 200 A.D. to 1000 A.D.
pachacuti inca yupanqui
a skilled warrior and leader, proclaimed himself Sapa Inca, or emperor
sapa inca
The emperor of the Incan Empire. People believed that he was descended from the sun god.
cuzco
a town in the Andes in southern Peru
network
A series of connections and contacts
quipu
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records
ayllu
extended family group, community cooperation system used by the Incas.
inti
Sun god of the Incas who believed he was the parent and they were children of the sun
complex
a whole composed of various interrelated parts
mesa verde
large cliff dwelling in Colorado,holds several thousand people,dwellings were easy to defend,offered protection-provided a safe place for Anasazi
pueblos
villages of large apartment-style compounds made of stone and adobde.
pueblo bonito
An Anasazi villiage that flourished from 950 to 1300 AD, now in ruins located in what is now northwestern New Mexico
kiva
Large underground chamber used by the Anasazi for religious ceremonies.
earthworks
sculptural forms made of materials such as earth, rocks, and sometimes plants
cahokia
the leading site of the Mississippian culture that built a 100-foot high, flat topped earthen pyramid.
potlatch
native american celebration in which the hosts give gifts to their guests
iroquois league
a league of Iroquois tribes including originally the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca (the Five Nations)