The ______ gland secretes growth hormones and hormones that stimulate labor in pregnant womend
The testes and ovaries produce the hormones ___,____, and _____.
testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone
_____ studies evaluate people who are related to try to determine the roles of heredity and environment.
The ______ is the part of the hindbrain that helps control such vital functions as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing.
the autonomic nervous system is divided into the ______ and ______ nervous systems.
The two part of the nervous system re the _____ nervous system and the _______nervous system.
The method of ______ involved exposing a person to a harmless stimulus until he or she is no longer afraid of it.
A stimulus that becomes associated with an unconditioned stimulus to produce a condition response is a ______.
______ is the method of teaching complex behaviors by breaking them down into manageable parts.
The form of learning that keeps knowledge hidden until it is needed is called ______
Reinforcements are applied with a set amount of time between them on a _____ schedule.
A ____ reinforcer is learned and becomes effective by being paired wit such reinforcer as food and shelter.s
On a ______ schedule, reinforcements are provided only after a certain number of correct responses have been made.
The type of learning that occurs when a person observes and imitates others is called _____
The memory process by which we maintain encoded info over a period of time is called ______.
______ memories are recalled better when the mood in which they were originally encoded is recreated.
_____ is the memory process that allows people to locate stored into and return it to conscious though
The method of ____ organizes items into familiar units so that they can be remembered more easily.
The APA generally requires that people in a study provide ______ after being give a general overview of the research and the choice whether or not to participate.
Stress and health are thought to have a ______ since stress goes up as health deteriorates.
______ can slant the results of a survey because people who volunteer to participte in reasearch studies often differ from people who do not.
In an experiment, _____ is the factor that varies when the independent variable is changed.
for the findings of a study to be confirmed, the study must be ____ to produce the same results as before.
The standard of ____ established by the APA limits the type of research that psychologists may conduct.
____________ enables researcher to study the behavior of people and animals in their everyday settings.
Need for achievement and salaries are thought to have a _____ since as one goes up, so does the other.
In a _______, neither the researchers nor the participants know who is receiving the treatment.
double blind study
People who participate in a ____ are selected by chance from a certain population to take part in a survey.
the _____ method takes much less time than the longitudinal method, but can accomplish many of the same objectives.
Since it is usually impossible to interview every member of a population that is being studied, pyschologists scientifically select a ____ of the population.
______ is the process by which we interpret sensory stimulation; ____ is the process of receiving sensory info.
The _______, which has no photoreceptors, is the point at which the optic nerves leaves the eye.
We recognize that an object has only one shape-no matter what angle it is viewed from - because of ____.
Movies, which are a series of still picture, are perceived as moving images because of the perceptual rule of ____
The monocular cue of ____parallax explains why someone in a moving vehicle sees nearby objects pass by quickly.
Consciousness is considered a psychological _____ because we cannot see, touch or measure it directly.
During _____, some people narrow their consciousness by focusing on a peaceful, repetitive pattern.
After taking certain drugs for a while, a person shows signs of ___ when the body craves the drug just to feel normal.
A therapist may hypnotize a patient and offer a _____ to help the patient quit a habit such as smoking or overeating
Nicotine causes a person's heart rate to increase by causing the release of the hormone____.
Nonsmokers are at risk of getting lung cancer or breathing problems when exposed to _____
Overdoses of crack and other forms of cocaine can be fatal because of the strain they place on the _____
____ psychologists typically treat people with adjustment problems, rather than those with serious disorders.
____ and ____ psychologists offer suggestions on how to improve working conditions.
During the middle ages, most Europeans believed that psychological problems were caused by ____
possession of demons
Along with history, anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology, psychology is on of the _____
The school of _____ was concerned with studying how mental processes help organisms adapt to their environment.
In the 1800s psychologists established _____ for the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes.
B.F. Skinner's concept of _____ showed that an animal is more likely to repeat an action if rewarded for it.
_____ psychologists help prepare achievement tests, while _____ psychologists administer these tests.