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34 terms

Chapter 6: World War 1 and beyond

STUDY
PLAY
nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
alliances
an agreement between 2 or more countries to help each other out in war
archduke franz ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
kaiser william II
last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
western front
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
contraband
goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law
lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
U-boat
German submarine
Zimmerman telegram/note
Says that if Germany can't keep the US neutral, they'd give Mexico financial support to attack the US in order to regain their lost territories
selective service act
law requiring men to register for military service
bernard baruch
economic advisor to United States Presidents (1870-1965)
CPI
a self-report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI
George Creel
head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.
conscientious objectors
opposed fighting in the war on moral or religious grounds
espionage act
This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
great migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
convoy
the act of escorting while in transit
vladimir lenin
Founder of the Russian Communist Party, this man led the November Revolution in 1917 which established a revolutionary soviet government based on a union of workers, peasants, and soldiers.
john j pershing
Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace
fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
league of nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
henry cabot lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
reparations
payment for damages after a war
irreconcilables
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
reservationsists
People against the League of Nations who "insisted on limiting American involvement in the League and its actions."
versailles treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
influenza
viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
inflation
a general and progressive increase in prices
red scare
a period of general fear of communists
palmer raids
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
sacco & vanzetti case
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree; Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.
warren g harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI
creditor nation
a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations