46 terms

AP Us History Chapter 1

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Marco Polo
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.
Francisco Pizzaro
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire
Juan Ponce De Leon
Spanish explorer who explored Florida in the search of gold and the fountain of youth. He claimed Florida.
Hernando de soto
Spanish explorer searching for gold, but discovered the Mississippi River instead. Claimed it for Spain.
Montezuma
Aztec Emperor who fell to Hernan Cortes.
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire.
Christopher Columbus
Italian explorer who discovered the Americas while trying to find a route to Asia. Claimed it for Spain.
Francisco Coronado
Searched for the Seven Cities of gold, but only found Adobe pueblos.
Robert de la Salle
Explorer who followed the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. Claimed it for France and named the area for King Louis XIV
Jacques Cartier
Claimed St. Lawrence River for France.
Giovanni da Verrazano
Italian explorer under French command who explored the east coast.
John Cabot
Italian explorer working for England who explored the mainland of North America. Explored from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland and claimed some areas for England.
Vasco Nunez Balboa
First European to see the Pacific Ocean
Ferdinand of Aragon
Led Reconquista and began the inquisition
Isabella of Castile
Married Ferdinand of Aragon and led the Reconquista and the Inquisition with him.
Quetzalcoatl
Aztec god depicted as a serpent. Was thought to return to the Aztec people around the same time Cortes encountered them.
Bartholomeu Dias
Portuguese explorer who was the first person to sail around the Cape of Good Hope. This opened a trade route to Asia.
Hiawatha
Founder of Iroquis Confederacy. United five groups to try deal with Europeans issues.
Bartolome de Las Casas
First bishop of Chiapas in Mexico. He fought for Native American Rights. (New Laws of 1542)
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese Navigator who was hired by the Spanish to circumnavigate. He was successful.
Vasco de Gama
Portuguese sailor who sailed from South Africa to the Indian Ocean.
Renaissance
14th- 16th century. "Rebirth" of art and literature and learning.
Mestizos
Person of Native American and European heritage.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set line of Demarcation which divided claims to America between Portugal and Spain.
"Three sister " farming
Corn was grown. Beans were grown on stalks of corn and squash was grown underneath. Developed by Creek Choctaw and Cherokee Indians.
Great Ice Age
Time period when glaciers moved North America. Bering Strait was made allowing for humans to travel to North America.
Canadian Shield
Rocky region that curves around Hudson Bay. Covers half land area of Canada. First part of land to rise from sea level in North America.
Mound Builders
People from eastern region of North America (Ohio River Valley) who made mounds of earth.
Spanish Armada
Naval fleet sent to battle England, but lost. This was the turning point, because England defeated the world's greatest naval fleet of the time.
Black Legend
Belief that Spanish tortured, stole gold, and diseased the Native Americans.
Conquistadores
Spanish conquerors of the Americas.
Aztecs
Empire from Mexico that waged wars to conquer land. Grew corn and practiced human sacrifice.
Pope's rebellion
Native American rebels from pueblos who killed every priest and some Spanish settlers as well as destroying Churches. This was in order to prevent conversion to Christianity.
Pueblo Indians
Southwester United States Indians who built intricate irrigation systems and Adobe structures. Grew corn.
Iroquois Confederacy
Powerful group of Native Americans who most closely resembled the magnitude of the Aztec Empire.
Cartography
making of maps and charts
Native Americans
Original people who lived in the Americas. Respected nature.
Vineland
Present day Newfoundland. Was called this by Norse seafarers because of all the grapes found in the area.
St. Augustine, Florida
City in Florida founded by the Spanish in 1565. First successful and lasting settlement.
Kiva
Underground chambers for religious ceremonies.
Spice Islands
Group of Islands in eastern Indonesia. (Moluccas)
Moors
Muslims from Spain
Ecosystem
Interaction of organisms with their surroundings.
Encomienda
Grant of land from Spain for those who wanted to go to North America. Also given the right to use Native Americans as slaves.
Malinchista
Spanish from traitor. Taken from Malinche (Indian wife of soldier from Hernan Cortes.)
Dia de la Raza
Columbus day in Mexico.