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unit 1 section 4
Terms in this set (16)
What large complex polymer is composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur? These polymers also provide structure for tissues and organs and carry out cell metabolism.
This protein functions as a biological catalyst and accelerates the rate of a biochemical reaction by reducing the required activation energy of the reaction while remaining unchanged by the reaction. What is this protein called?
What do you call large biomolecules that are made of mostly carbon and hydrogen with a small amount of oxygen? Examples of them are fats, oils, waxes, and steroids.
A complex biomolecule that stores cellular information in the form of a code. They are polymers made of smaller subunits called nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar deoxyribose, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. The macromolecule being described in this question is called a(n)
A biomolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a ratio of about two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom for every carbon atom. They are types of sugars. What macromolecules are being described in this question?
This monomer ( C6H12O6) is a carbohydrate molecule, also known as a simple sugar like glucose or fructose, or ribose. What is the name of this monomer?
Sucrose (table sugar) is a combination between glucose and fructose. Sucrose is an example of the two sugar carbohydrates called what?
This molecule is composed of many monosaccharide subunits and it serves as storage of energy for our cells. Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are examples of this molecule. What molecule is being described?
A substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction by decreasing the activation energy of the reaction without being changed by the reaction (enzymes). is called a(n)
A large molecule (polymer) composed of many smaller organic molecules called monomers. There are four types of these which include: proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids. These molecules are called
A can chemically react with other like molecules to form a larger molecule called a polymer.
Smaller units, called monomers, are linked together by chemical bonds to form a larger molecule known as a what? (e.g. proteins are large molecules made of amino acids).
A molecule made up a large carbon-based structure that is found in or produced by a living organism (e.g. carbohydrates, lipids) is called a(n)
This system of measurement ranges from one to fourteen that indicates the relative concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. A pH of one indicates a strong acid while a pH of fourteen indicates a strong base. A pH of seven is neutral. The system of measurement described in this question is called the
The substance that results from a chemical reaction is called the
The speed at which a chemical reaction occurs, measured as the amount of reactant converted to product in a set period of time is known as the
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