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AP Euro AMSCO Chapter 23
Knowledge, Truth, and Moral Standards
Terms in this set (42)
protons, neutrons, electrons
German physicist who developed the theory of relativity, which states that time, space, and mass are relative to each other and not fixed.
Theory of Relativity
Albert Einstein's ideas about the interrelationships between time and space and between energy and matter
A German physicist that speculated that there was no real certainty in where an electron was, and only tendencies. This broke down Newton's dependable laws to only probabilities.
the idea put forth by Werner Heisenberg in 1927 that the behavior of subatomic particles is uncertain, suggesting that all of the physical laws governing the universe are based on uncertainty
Any method used to reduce births, including celibacy, delayed marriage, contraception; devices or medication that prevent implantation of fertilized zygotes, and induced abortions
study of factors that influence the hereditary qualities of the human race and ways to improve those qualities
the spread of nuclear weapons production technology and knowledge to nations without that capability
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (1968)
agreement that stopped and monitored the spread of nuclear weapons to countries who did not have the bomb.
Austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions
A philosophy based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions
German philosopher who said that "God is dead," that lackadaisical people killed him with their false values. Said that Christianity and all religion is a "slave morality." He also said that the only hope for mankind was to accept the meaninglessness of human life, and to then use that meaninglessness as a source of personal integrity and liberation. Also stated that from this meaninglessness people called Supermen would exert their mind on other and rise to power. he appealed to people who liked totalitarianism.
A French existentialist who said that people just "turned up" and that there was no God to help honest people. Also said "man is condemned to be free" and people had to choose their actions.
French existentialist who stated that in spite of the general absurdity of human life, individuals could make rational sense out of their own existence through meaningful personal decision making.
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