34 terms

Chapter 6: World War I and Beyond (1914 - 1920)

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
Kaiser William II
last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Western Front
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WWI
Zimmerman Telegram/Note
Says that if Germany can't keep the US neutral, they'd give Mexico financial support to attack the US in order to regain their lost territories
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
Bernard Baruch
He headed the War Industries Board which placed the control of industries into the hands of the federal government. It was a prime example of War Socialism.
Initials for organization created to persuade Americans that World War I represented a battle for democracy and freedom.
George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Conscientious Objectors
Those who opposed participating in military service because of religious,philosophical,or political belief.
Espionage Act
This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
a collection of merchant ships with an escort of warships
Vladimir Lenin
Founder of the Russian Communist Party, this man led the November Revolution in 1917 which established a revolutionary soviet government based on a union of workers, peasants, and soldiers.
John J. Pershing
Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace
Fourteen Points
a series of proposals in which President Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
payment for damages after a war
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge
Versailles Treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
a general and progressive increase in prices
Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
Palmer Raids
a series a government attacks on suspected radicals in the United States led by the U.S. attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer
Sacco & Vanzetti Case
Famous case in which two immigrants were accused of murder/ there was no hard evidence, yet they were put to death anyway/ showed how much Americans distrusted foreigners
Warren G Harding
president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism
Creditor Nation
a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations