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The "Isms" - U.S. Foreign Policy
Terms in this set (39)
foreign policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries
foreign policy of being a "team player" ex: working in cooperation with other countries to influence world affairs
foreign policy of being a "World's Policeman" ex: intervening in other countries; affairs to promote important national interests and/or safeguard national security. This can be like the "Andy Griffith" or "Dirty Harry" styles.
foreign policy of extending your rule over foreign countries either by annexing them (permanently making them part of your nation), or by overly dominating their economic or politics
when one country decides and acts on a plan without working with other countries
attacking a country first because of an imminent (about to happen) attack -- the nation has to fight out of necessity
Pottery Barn rule
you break it, you bought it - commonly attributed to Colin Powell in his warnings about an invasion of Iraq
an approach to foreign policy where you think about what's good/important to your own country when deciding to do things around the planet
"The enemy of my enemy is my friend"
Sometimes we make teammates (allies) with unlikely people/groups - often because we share a common enemy. For example, when we teamed up with the mujahideen in their fight against the Soviet Union.
weapons of mass destruction
an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used by the U.S. military to spy on or defeat our enemies in the current war on terror
Improvised explosive device
the unintended extra damage and killing that happens in warfare
type of fighting that pits a smaller force against a larger one. The smaller group uses hit and run tactics, sabotage, IEDs and more in an attempt to harm, demoralize, and generate fear -- making their opponent want to quit the fight.
George H.W. Bush
President when Cold War ended and when Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, sent troops to Iraq to fight and win the Persian Gulf war
George W. Bush
President when 9/11 hit, led the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, altered U.S. foreign policy w/the Bush Doctrine
President leading the fight against ISIL, his term in office also saw the Afghanistan & Iraq Wars and the killing of Osama bin Laden
Majority of Muslims worldwide. Follow the elected Caliphs, successors of Muhammad are to be chosen by the community
Minority branch in Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Osama bin Laden
Founder of al Qaeda, killed by our SEALS in May 2011
terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other terrorist attacks against the U.S. and West since then
"holy warriors" pursuing jihad - guerrilla fighters we aligned with in the 1980s in Afghanistan under the "enemy of my enemy is my friend" concept, elements of them eventually morphed into the Taliban, al Qaeda & other groups
"the students" - extreme fundamentalists who came to power post-civil war in Afghanistan & imposed their vision of Islam on the country, they gave safe haven to al Qaeda & were tossed from power in 2001...and we're fighting them still.
former Iraqi leader - once our ally in his long war vs. Iran, we kicked him out of Kuwait in the 1991 Persian Gulf War and eventually booted him from power in 2003 in the Iraq War.
President of Syria who refuses to step aside despite a brutal civil war and international pressure
Started as an al Qaeda splinter group. Also known as Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Islamic State (IS). The aim of ISIS is to create an Islamic state (caliphate) across Sunni areas of Iraq and in Syria. ISIS is known for extreme violence and is now is targeted for destruction by an international effort.
literal meaning is 'struggle' or 'effort', though it's commonly interpreted as 'holy war'. Muslims use the word Jihad to describe three different kinds of struggle:
A believer's internal struggle to live out the Muslim faith as well as possible; The struggle to build a good Muslim society; Holy war: the struggle to defend Islam, with force if necessary
USSR invasion of Afghanistan
1979 invasion where the Soviet invaded their neighbor to make sure things were being run the way they wanted them to; the U.S. through the CIA backed the Mujahideen rebels; Eventually it turned into a quagmire for the Soviets and hastened the end of their country
The terrorist attack by Al Qaeda on the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and Flight 93
US & her allies fought a war (2001-Present) to find/kill Osama Bin Laden, destroy Al Qaeda, remove the Taliban from power & help build a nation better for its citizens than what we found
military campaign that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a multinational force led by troops from the United States under the administration of George W. Bush and the United Kingdom under the Prime Minister Tony Blair. The war "ended" in 2011, but with the rise of ISIL and ongoing fighting between Sunni and Shia, the war in many ways is not over.
Brutal civil war between the Syrian government, various rebel groups, and ISIL. This war is still ongoing from 2011.
American computer specialist who worked for the CIA AND NSA; leaked details of top secret US and British government to the press
Central Intelligence Agency
National Security Agency
Persian Gulf War
(1990 - 1991) Conflict between Iraq and a coalition of countries led by the United States to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait which they had invaded in hopes of controlling their oil supply. A very one sided war with the United States' coalition emerging victorious.
Current President in charge of our foreign policy and the war against ISIS, the Taliban, al Qaeda, and extremism. Favors an "America First" agenda.
Concept that his administration is focused upon, prioritizing U.S. interests at home above all else. Critics say it's more isolationist in nature. Supporters might say it's more a care of priorities and realistic in nature.
Foreign policy having to do with helping people and relieving suffering
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