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human-made objects


a people's unique way of life


humans that could walk upright, such as australopithecines

paleolithic age

old stone age 2.5 million to 8,000 BC

neolithic age

8,000-3,000 BC

homo sapiens

species name for modern humans


highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging for new sources of food


nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and gathering plant foods

neolithic revolution

agricultural revolution; far-reaching changes in human life resulting from the beginnings of farming

slash-and-burn farming

when farmers cut trees or grasses and burned them to clear a field


taming of animals


4-1 million BC, found in southern and eastern africa, brain size 500 cm3, 1st humanlike creature to walk upright

homo habilis

2.5-1.5 million BC, found in east africa, brain size 700 cm3, 1st to make stone tools

homo erectus

1.6 million-30,000 BC, found in africa, asia and europe, brain size 1,000 cm3


200,000-30,000 BC, found in europe and southwest asia, brain size 1,450 cm3, 1st to have ritual burials


40,000-8,000 BC, found in europe, brain size 1,400 cm3, fully modern humans, created art

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