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16 terms

world history ch 1 sec 1-2

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artifacts
human-made objects
culture
a people's unique way of life
hominids
humans that could walk upright, such as australopithecines
paleolithic age
old stone age 2.5 million to 8,000 BC
neolithic age
8,000-3,000 BC
homo sapiens
species name for modern humans
nomads
highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging for new sources of food
hunter-gatherers
nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and gathering plant foods
neolithic revolution
agricultural revolution; far-reaching changes in human life resulting from the beginnings of farming
slash-and-burn farming
when farmers cut trees or grasses and burned them to clear a field
domestication
taming of animals
australopithecines
4-1 million BC, found in southern and eastern africa, brain size 500 cm3, 1st humanlike creature to walk upright
homo habilis
2.5-1.5 million BC, found in east africa, brain size 700 cm3, 1st to make stone tools
homo erectus
1.6 million-30,000 BC, found in africa, asia and europe, brain size 1,000 cm3
neanderthal
200,000-30,000 BC, found in europe and southwest asia, brain size 1,450 cm3, 1st to have ritual burials
cro-magnon
40,000-8,000 BC, found in europe, brain size 1,400 cm3, fully modern humans, created art