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Effective Parenting Skills
Terms in this set (23)
Caring for children and helping them develop.
Based on the idea that children should obey their parents without question. In this style, a parent tells a child what to do, and the child's responsibility is to do it. When rules are broken, this type of parent usually acts quickly and firmly. Used with baby to age 3.
Children have more input into rules and limits. They are given a certain amount of independence and freedom of choice within those rules. Used with preschoolers to teenagers.
Parents give children a wide range of freedom. In this style children may set their own rules. Used with college students.
Giving a child opportunities for encouragement and enrichment. It also involves showing love, support, and concern.
The lack of an enriching environment.
to help and when to back off so that a child can do a task by him/herself.
Avoid pushing kids
to try activities they aren't ready for yet, but avoid holding them back.
Adapt their parenting skills
to fit each stage of a child's development.
2 things caregivers must do
-meet the child's basic needs
3 basic tasks of parenting
-meeting children's needs (physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and moral)
-nurturing--giving a child opportunities for encouragement & enrichment, and showing love, support, and concern
-guide children to show appropriate behavior
Using firmness and understanding to help children learn to control their own behavior.
Children's ability to control their own behavior, learned through guidance.
An inner sense of what is right, beginning around age 5.
A response that encourages a positive behavior so it will be repeated.
A response aimed at discouraging a child from repeating a behavior.
A short period of time in which a child sits away from other people and the center of activity after misbehaving.
Making rules and applying them the same way in all situations.
-helps kids to learn expectations
-may lose trust and confidence in an inconsistent caregiver
-all caregivers in a family should be consistent with each other
encouraging appropriate behavior
Be a role model. Explain your expectations and give simple reasons for children ages 3+. Praise good behavior. Be specific--clearly comment on the behavior, not the child. Notice asap. Recognize small steps. Help child take pride in his/her actions. Praise difficult behaviors. Offer older kids choices to encourage responsibility.
setting and enforcing limits
The purpose is to keep people from hurting themselves, others, or property. Allow kids to learn, explore, and grow. Be fair and age-appropriate. Make sure the child benefits too, not just the adult. Limits should be clear. Show understanding of the child's desires and acknowledge their feelings. Offer alternatives.
dealing with inappropriate behavior effectively
Is the behavior appropriate, given the child's age/development? Do they understand their behavior was wrong? If they do, punishment may be necessary. Natural consequences (a child plays roughly with his toys, toy breaks), loss of privileges, timeout (1 minute per year of age) gives parent and child time to clam down.
help children handle conflict/anger
Set a good example!!!!! Use your words. Speak calmly, don't yell. Count to 10. Discuss the misbehavior and/or punishment AFTER the child has calmed down.
poor disciplinary methods
-making child promise to behave
-threatening to withhold love
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