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66 terms

English II Unit 1

STUDY
PLAY
Goal of studying grammar
to communicate the message
What is a noun?
Names a person, place, thing, or abstract
The noun is the _______ of the sentence.
subject
6 types of nouns
common, proper, compound, concrete, abstract, collective
What does a verb do?
describes the action
the verb is the _________ of a sentence.
simple predicate
Verbs can be ________ or ________
singular, plural
Do not need a direct object to complete the action of the verb, and the verbs can stand by themselves
intransitive verbs
Require a direct object to complete its meaning
transitive verbs
type of verb that describes a state of being
linking verbs
links the subject to the predicate
Linking verbs
am, is, are, was, were, be, being, and been are all types of what verb?
linking verb
I swim. (what's its sentence pattern?)
S InV (subject, intransitive verb)
I drive a car. (what's its sentence pattern?)
S TrV DO (subject, transitive verb, direct object)
I gave her a gift. (what's its sentence pattern?)
S TrV IO DO (subject, transitive verb, Indirect object, direct object)
Isaiah is a guy. (what's its sentence pattern?)
S LV PN (subject, linking verb, predicat noun)
Isaiah is handsome. (what's its sentence pattern?)
S LV PA (subject, linking verb, predicate adjective)
The subject acts or does something.
Active
My friend chose a good story to read. (example of what voice?)
active
Th subject is acted upon (past-tense)
passive
A good story was chosen by my friend. (example of what voice?)
passive
___________bits of info from the text that, when combined with prior knowledge, allow you to decide the meaning of unknown words in the story or article you are reading.
context clues
_____ are full of "______" about the meaning of words.
texts; clues
other words in a sentence, paragraph, caption, illustration, or title can help the reader guess the _______ of the word.
meaning
An expression with a meaning that cannot be guessed from the meanings of individual words.
Idiom
Break a leg. (what type of figure of speech)
idiom
A comparison of two things without the use of like and as
metaphor
Hawaii is a melting pot. (what type of figure of speech)
metaphor
giving something human qualities
personification
The flowers waltzed in the gentle breeze. (what type of figure of speech)
personification
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as
simile
Her cheeks were as red as a rose. (what type of figure of speech)
simile
Discrepancy between words and meaning, between expectation what is and fulfillment, between what is and what sees to be.
irony
there is a song about the phobia of music. (what type of figure of speech)
irony
A historical or literary reference (has to be an important date, event, person, or "title")
allusion
Harriet Tubman was call the Moses of her time. (what type of figure of speech)
allusion
A word or phrase that has become overly familiar or commonplace
cliche
What goes around comes around. (what type of figure of speech)
cliche
The use of your senses to describe and generate a meaning in the mind of the reader
imagery
The crimson liquid spilled from the neck of the white dove, staining and matting its pure, white feathers. (what type of figure of speech)
imagery
The association of 2 opposite terms.
oxymoron
False fact (what type of figure of speech)
oxymoron
The art of creating characters for a narrative
characterization
The use of humor to poke at something serious
satire
Mode of presentation convoying meaning other than the verbal meaning
Allegory
Pilgrims Progress- salvation (what type of figure of speech)
Allegory
Who was born in Dublin, Ireland?
Jonathan Swift
Swift was a political and _______opportunist
religious
Swift was caustic and ________.
bitter
______supported the ______ party until it supported the Catholic influence in ________.
Swift; Whig; England
Swift switched to support the _____Party which fell out of ______.
Tory; power
Swift was "_____" back it Ireland, and became an ordained ______ in the Church of _______.
exiled; priest; Ireland
Swift ultimately desired to be an __________ __________ official in London.
Anglican Church
Though all of Swifts experience he developed his ________ writing skill
satirical
The ______ of human understanding
limits
Satire is meant to be _______
funny
Satire's greater purpose is often _________ social criticism, using wit as a ________.
constructive; weapon
______iron is a _______ feature
Strong; common
What was the profession of Gulliver's apprenticeship
surgeon
While sailing to the East indies, upon what object was Gulliver's ship driven?
a rock
T/F Gulliver and 5 crew members survived the sinking ship and make it to shore.
F
T/F Gulliver dashed 40 to 50 little people against the ground.
F
T/F The Lilliputs could see with great exactness at long distances.
F
T/F The Lilliputs bury their dead with their heads directly downwards.
T
T/F If a person falsely accuses someone else, then he is immediately put to death.
T
T/F The empire looks upon fraud as a greater crime that theft
T