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8 terms

Biology Chapter 4

Campbell Reece, 8th edition. Chapter 4: Carbon and the molecular diversity of life
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Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules that consist of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
Fats
Biological molecules that have long hydrocarbon tails attached to a non-hydrocarbon component
Isomers
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and therefore chemical properties
Structural Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangement of atoms.
Geometric Isomers
Compounds with the same covalent partnerships that differ in their spacial arrangement around a carbon-carbon double bond.
Enantiomers
Molecules that are mirror images of each other. An asymmetric carbon with 4 single bonds.
Functional Groups
The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions. Behaves consistently from one organic molecule to another