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A.P. United States History Federalist #10

A.P. United States History Study Questions (Federalist #10)
.What are factions and why do they threaten democracy according to James Madison?
Because the founders of this nation knew that "democracy" would lead to a tyranny of the majority voting cash for itself and electing corrupt representatives willing to hand out more cash in exchange for votes.

US would be too large to govern as a democracy (republic) and had too many groups, or "factions," as political parties were then called
What does Madison believe can stop the causes of faction? Why does he reject this remedy?
There were tow methods of removing the causes of faction one was by distrioying the liberty which is essential to its excistance the other by giving to every citizen the same options the same passions and same intrests it could never be more truly said than of the forst remedy that it was worse than a disease. liberty is to fraction what air is to fire, an aliiment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be less folly to ablolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essenntial to animal life, because it imparts to fire its desctive agency.
.What are the key differences between pure democracy and a republic? Which does Madison believe to be the superior model?
A "Pure Democracy" is a form of government that runs by rule by majority of every individual. A Republic makes decisions democratically by the majority vote of representatives (In America the people vote for representatives to "represent" their views in congress.).
According to Madison why will the "effects of faction" be mitigated by a large republic?
argued that the great danger in republics is not simply that those in government will abuse their powers; rather, the will of the majority must ultimately prevail, and in a popular government the majority may use the power of the vote to elect representatives willing to pass laws depriving the minority of their rights. Contrary to the arguments of Anti-federalists, Madison argued that multiplying the diversity of interests in a large republic is the key to breaking these dangerous majority factions. How the extended republic would control factions—with the aid of separation of powers and checks and balances in government—is the focus of this lesson.